- 12 June 2018
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An Overview Of Adult Immunisation
We know the growing importance of vaccinating children at the right age. It protects them from a plethora of diseases during their tender ages. One thing that is yet to grow in stature is the importance of adult vaccinating.
Not only children, but even adults are prone to some diseases that could affect them. The vaccination and the type needed depends on the age, health condition, travel plan and their previous vaccination record. In India, the push for adult vaccinations is not as strong as in the US and UK, yet it is of grave importance for the well-being of citizens.
Diseases like swine flu, typhoid, hepatitis, tetanus and pneumonia need vaccinations in adults. However, through the years as well as the fact that most adults would have received injections as a child, there is the factor of immunisations in the body, meaning not all adults might require it.
As doctors across the country report, the most vaccinations in adults are given for hepatitis A-and-B, pneumococcal and meningococcal meningitis, human papillomavirus, rabies, and tetanus. People who smoke and consume alcohol or who suffer from COPD and Asthma need to check with their doctor if they need vaccinations, but generally, they would need for pneumococcal immunisation.
Another factor why the vaccination drive for adults throughout the country hasn’t taken off is for the fact that these are voluntary and only needed for people with a specific health condition. On the other hand, it becomes necessary to provide vaccinations to people when one or more members of their families fall ill to a particular disease that requires vaccinating, like hepatitis. It helps the condition from spreading further within the family.
Why do we need vaccines?
Age is an absolute factor in determining that. For instance, people above the age of 50 are prone or more susceptible to various infections and diseases, meaning vaccinating them as well as other adults in their surroundings like family, the peer group is vital. On the other hand, patients with a lower respiratory tract are also advised to take up vaccinations.
Then some people might be travelling abroad. These travel plans need not be regular or sporadic, because there sure is a climatic change, as well as the difference in the overall atmosphere for the person. In this scenario, a specific disease that the travelling person might not be immune to could become a problem.
On the other hand, some countries have a strict vaccination policy, especially for travellers. In that scenario, it could be an option to take up those vaccines beforehand in the home country. For instance, Indians travelling to Africa need vaccinations for yellow fever.
Who cannot be vaccinated?
Patients with immunocompromised statuses are people who cannot be vaccinated. For instance, people with HIV infections or Leukaemia cannot be given any vaccinations as it may lead them to suffer more complicated diseases. Usually the vaccines adult receive are live vaccines, and these would certainly harm their system; instead, some doctors recommend a killed vaccine for immunocompromised status’ patient.
Are there side effects of adult vaccines?
A vaccine does not guarantee 100% success anywhere in the world. But the idea of not taking vaccinations at all for that reason alone is not a wise one. On the issue of side-effects, like how some children have side effects to the treatments they receive, adults too have them. The side effects in adults, however, are negligible.
These side effects are not precisely adverse even though they exist. For instance, many adults who take vaccinations for flu, are affected by a small variant of influenza as a side effect. The side effect, however, does not last for long and goes away as quickly as it comes. It is more of the body’s reaction system acting when introduced with a specific change that these vaccines bring in.
Will there be a cost involved?
Adult Vaccinations are not provided for by any organisation or government, so the patient has to pay for it at their preferred vaccination centre. Lack of provisions becomes another reason why many adults refrain from taking them. But as a caution, if any organisation promises free vaccinations, do not make it, as these are not part of the official regulations in India.
Overall, adult vaccinations are essential to specific people, as it protects against certain diseases that may affect the patient, directly and indirectly, could affect people around. Treatments, taken from the right doctors or hospitals are vital, and so we at Sunshine are always available for your assistance in this matter. Be it knowing more about these vaccinations or what might be the right one for your body and health, and we are here to help. Our doctors are well versed with the correct information on what you might need if you might need it.
About Sunshine Hospitals:
A Multi Super Speciality Institution, 500 bedded Sunshine Hospitals (Paradise Circle, Secunderabad) is promoted by globally reputed Joint Replacement Surgeon Dr. AV Gurava Reddy (Orthopedic Doctor) and like-minded associates who share the objective of making world-standard healthcare available, affordable and accessible to the common man. Sunshine has now become one of the best hospitals for many treatments including Orthopedic, Gastroenterology, Cardiology, Trauma and Neurology.