An Overview Of Chikungunya | Sunshine Hospitals

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An Overview Of Chikungunya

An Overview Of Chikungunya

Mosquitos don’t just bite and irritate you – they also leave you with different types of diseases – malaria, dengue and chikungunya. Chikungunya is a mosquito-borne disease that is common in areas that are also affected by dengue, as well as other similar disorders.

It might not be as potent as dengue fever but can involve a long downtime and several side effects. But then, unlike dengue, which could get to a level where the situation could get to a critical stage, chikungunya is milder.

This disease can have adverse effects on the body and could get quite traumatising, with substantial joint pains and fever. In many cases, the sufferer is not even able to walk properly due to the deliberating pain Chikungunya causes.

Chikungunya Mosquito

Causes and Symptoms of Chikungunya fever

First, the big problem with diagnosing Chikungunya is because they have symptoms very similar to that of Dengue or Zika. Often is the case that it gets misdiagnosed, especially in areas which are a breeding ground for both Chikungunya and dengue. Although the common understanding is that Chikungunya, dengue or any other mosquito-borne diseases are always a possibility in areas that are mosquito breeding sites. However, at times, when Chikungunya, if not tested at the right time may not even reflect when lab tests are conducted.

Primary Cause

Like in Dengue, Chikungunya is also caused by the Aedes group of mosquito. The two kinds, known as Aedes Aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes are the primary reasons for both those diseases and are known to be active only during daylight hours. More typically their pattern suggests they bite during early mornings or late afternoon time. Another distinctive characteristic of these mosquitos is that they tend to bite outdoors, although the Aedes Aegypti is also known to bite indoors.

 Chikungunya Symptoms

Common symptoms of Chikungunya

After being bitten by an infected mosquito, symptoms start to occur in the next 4 to 8 days, but at times they also appear after two days of contact. Alternatively, in many cases, the symptoms have shown no signs of occurrence until 12 days after the bite.

The disease typically begins with a fever that is abrupt, followed by severe pain in the joints, especially the finger joints of both hand and foot. Furthermore, this leads to swelling in those areas, and the pain in these cases tends to last for a long time. Sometimes pain can persist for months altogether, while the type of Chikungunya fever one usually determines this duration has, in the sense of it being acute, subacute, or even chronic. However, overall patients are known to recover from Chikungunya.

In some cases, patients have often complained about effects on the heart, eyes as well as neurological complaints and gastrointestinal complaints. The disease tends to be a critical one if the patient is in their advanced age, and in these cases, death has also been an occurrence.

the most common symptoms for Chikungunya are as follows  –

  • Flu
  • Chills
  • A headache
  • aching joints
  • Nausea
  • Rashes
  • Fatigue
  • Swelling on hands and feet

Treatments

Doctors, after diagnosing the problem tend to offer their help with medications and suggest ample rest, to not aggravate the pain in the joints. However, more importantly, the precautionary part is vital when it comes to chikungunya. We have some tips for you to ensure you are not in the range of the disease anytime soon.

  • Mosquito repellents are essential to be applied at all times, especially if mosquitos frequent your place of residence or work.
  • Check the surroundings, and destroy all freshwater accumulation points, such as corners, tyres etc.
  • Make use of mosquito nets.
  • Ensure minimal use of scented items, like shampoos or creams, as mosquitos are known to be attracted by the same
  • Ensure you are vigilant during the daytime and protect yourself from mosquito bites.

Chikungunya Treatment

Chikungunya, once affected could become an arduous process until you fully recover. Often is the case with people suffering from it that they are unable to perform their daily duties and it could lead to missing several days of work. Consult your doctor to understand further on this problem and the other possible precautions which can be taken to ensure a chikungunya free environment.

About Sunshine Hospitals:

A Multi Super Speciality Institution, 500 bedded Sunshine Hospitals (Paradise Circle, Secunderabad) is promoted by globally reputed Joint Replacement Surgeon Dr AV Gurava Reddy (Orthopedic Doctor) and like-minded associates who share the objective of making world-standard healthcare available, affordable and accessible to the common man.