The brain is the most important part of a human body, it is one of the three body parts that make the nervous system. The brain controls all the functions of the body, which is why injuries of the brain are the most feared injuries of all. They have the potential to render a person useless and vegetative if not caught and treated within time. One such brain injury is traumatic brain injury (TBI).
TBI is a very complex injury causing the brain to dysfunction because of an outside force. It has a wide range of symptoms and disabilities, which can have a devastating impact on the person suffering from it and their family.
Symptoms for TBI
Mild TBI: A person suffering with a mild TBI is likely to experience
- Blurred vision
- Ringing in the ears
- Tiredness or sleepiness
- A bad taste in the mouth
- A change in sleep habits
- Behavior or mood changes
- Trouble with memory, concentration, attention, or thinking
- Loss of consciousness lasting a few seconds to minutes
- Sensitivity to light or sound
- Nausea or vomiting
Moderate or Severe TBI: A person suffering from moderate or severe TBI is likely to suffer some of the symptoms listed above and in addition to that they may experience:
- Persistent headaches that get worse
- Frequent vomiting or nausea
- Slurred speech
- Convulsions or seizures
- Enlargement of the pupil (dark center) of one or both eyes
- Numbness or tingling of arms or legs
- Loss of coordination
- Increased confusion, restlessness, or agitation
- Loss of consciousness lasting a few minutes to hours
To diagnose TBI, a few parameters are measured and taken into consideration,
- Glasgow Coma Scale: The Glasgow Coma Scale is a 15 point scale to estimate and categorise the outcomes of the brain injury on the basis of motor responses, verbal responses, eye opening responses and dependence on others.
- Ranchos Los Amigos Scale: this scale measures the levels of awareness, cognition, behavior and interaction with the environment.
What causes a TBI?
- Open Head Injury: Results from bullet wounds etc.
- Closed Head Injury: Resulting from a slip and fall, motor vehicle crashes, etc.
- Deceleration Injuries: The differential movement of the skull and the brain when the head is struck results in direct brain injury
- Chemical/Toxic: This occurs when harmful chemicals damage the neurons
- Hypoxia: Lack of oxygen.
- Stroke: If blood flow is blocked through cell death, it will result in a stroke.
- If there is bleeding in or over the brain (hemorrhage or hematoma), it will also result in brain damage.
Can you recover from a traumatic brain injury?
Recovery from a Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) depends on the patient and grade of the brain injury. Recovery can be seen in months, and even years, after the initial injury. Fatal injuries can be easier to identify than other injuries.
- Initial treatment to stabilise the individual immediately after a traumatic brain injury.
- Acute treatment of a traumatic brain injury is aimed at minimizing secondary injury and life support.
- Surgical Treatment may be used to prevent secondary injury by helping maintain blood flow and oxygen to the brain and minimize swelling and pressure.
- Rehabilitative treatment to restore normal functioning.
We at Sunshine, understand the gravity of such conditions and focus on ruling out the possibilities as soon as the patient is taken into emergency. We urge our patients to not ignore the symptoms and see a professional as soon as possible.
About the Doctor:
Dr Naveen is an expert in treating patients with brain tumor. He is one of the Best Neuro Surgeons in Hyderabad and is sought after for some of the most delicate and complicated brain surgeries.
About Sunshine Hospitals:
A Multi Super Speciality Institution, 500 bedded Sunshine Hospitals (Paradise Circle, Secunderabad) is promoted by globally reputed Joint Replacement Surgeon Dr. AV Gurava Reddy (Orthopedic Doctor) and like-minded associates who share the objective of making world-standard healthcare available, affordable and accessible to the common man.