Bones and Joint Problems Associated With Diabetes | Sunshine Hospitals

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Diabetes Can Affect Your Bones And Joints, Too

If you have diabetes, you already know how painful it is – emotionally. You always have to watch what you are eating. You have to cut out sugar and carbohydrates – tea without milk and sugar is hardly any tea. Unlike health exercises, you cannot treat yourself to a cheat day when it comes to your diabetic diet chart. They say that you can manage diabetes with a healthy lifestyle – what they don’t mention is how difficult it is to do the same with so many distractions all around!

Diabetes can also affect your bones and make your life painful – this time, it will be physically painful.

However, instead of being all gloomy about it, you can read the blog to get informed about the threats diabetes poses to your joints and to know how you can avoid those. It will encourage you to take your health management more seriously.

After all, leading a healthy life is all about keeping a positive attitude, isn’t it?

The relationship between diabetes and bone issues have been debated for a long time. But, recent studies show that it’s not easy to find a direct relationship between the two; the connection between diabetes and joint pain is rather complex.

Let’s read on how diabetes and bone are related and how they cause health issues.

Low Vitamin D:

Diabetic patients have lower Vitamin D in their body. Sometimes, portions of Vitamin D is flushed out through their urine. Vitamin D assists the blood in absorbing calcium which is the main component of our bones. Low calcium implies weaker bones.

Duration of diabetes:

Diabetes Duration Band

Relationship between diabetes and bone health can be evaluated by how long you have had diabetes. Unless you have suffered from diabetes for 5 years, it’s unlikely that it will affect your bones.

If you were affected by diabetes before your puberty, you may end up having decreased peak bone mass.

Risk of Fracture:

Risk of Diabetic Fractures

There is a stronger correlation between Type 1 Diabetes and bone fracture than Type 2 Diabetes and Bone Fracture. Some say that this is because, in type 1 diabetes, the patient suffers from lower bone density. This explanation doesn’t hold much water because studies show that while diabetes has a direct relationship with fractures in leg and pelvis, there is no relation when it comes to the spine.

However, it is proven that diabetes can cause vision problems, poor blood circulation and reduced sensations in your extremities. This makes you more prone to falling and injuring yourself which might also injure your bones.

Bone Mineral Density:

Bone Mineral Density

Bone Mineral Density (BMD) is the index which is used to measure the strength of your bones. But in diabetic patients, it has been seen, even a strong BMD might be deceiving. Two people with the same BMD – one diabetic, one non-diabetic – will have different bone strength. The relation between diabetes and bone mineral density is not yet clear but experts claim that it is due to low levels of collagen (the material which gives elasticity to our organs) in the bones of diabetic patient.

Although the relationship between diabetes and joint pain is still a gray area, but doctors have found prominent links between diabetes and certain bone diseases. Even if the cause cannot be found, the relation cannot be overlooked.

Some such diseases are:

Charcot joint:

When a joint deteriorates because of nerve damage, it’s called a charcot joint. It’s a common diabetic complication. It’s mainly found in the feet. Charcot joint is a strong evidence of the link between diabetes and joint pain.

Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH):

When you have DISH disease, the tendons and ligaments of your spine harden. It is believed to be associated with type 2 diabetes the excess insulin promotes new bone growth.

Dupuytren’s contracture:

Dupuytren’s contracture is caused when the connective tissue in your palm and fingers thickens. It deforms your fingers and bent them towards your palm. Metabolic changes in a diabetic patient is believed to cause dupuytren’s contracture.

Osteoporosis:

Osteoporosis is the condition where your bone becomes fragile. Diabetic people are more prone to suffering from osteoporosis owing to low collagen content of their bones. Diabetes and bone are also indirectly related in the sense that diabetic people generally suffer from obesity at some point in their life. Obesity accelerates the growth of osteoarthritis.

A lot of these relations between diabetes and bone diseases have not been proven to be conclusively causal relations – more research is required in the field. But the correlation between diabetes and bone issues is undeniable. It’s always wise to be cautious of potential harm. If you have diabetes and find it hard to manage it, talk to your doctor. This will save not only your bones but also other vital organs like eye, liver, kidney etc.

About Sunshine Hospitals

A Multi Super Speciality Institution, 500+ bedded Sunshine Hospitals (Paradise Circle, Secunderabad) is promoted by globally reputed Joint Replacement Surgeon Dr. AV Gurava Reddy (Orthopedic Doctor) and like-minded associates who share the objective of making world-standard healthcare available, affordable and accessible to the common man.

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