- 21 February 2019
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Enlarged Prostate – All you need to know
What Is Enlarged Prostate?
A prostate is a small muscular gland that is positioned around your urethra that makes the fluid of your semen. Sometimes, the cells of the prostate gland start multiplying abnormally. The extra build of cells swells up the area. This condition is called enlarged prostate or benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). This condition is quite common in men, especially the elderly.
However, if the extra growth of tissue is detected to be cancerous, it is called prostate cancer. This blog talk about non-cancerous growth of tissue in prostate only.
What Causes An Enlarged Prostate?
The exact cause of enlarged prostate is still unknown. However, it is so common in older men that it is considered to a normal ageing condition. Age-related hormonal changes have been speculated to be a causal factor.
However, some risk factors have been noted which puts you at a higher risk of suffering from prostate cancer.
You are more likely to suffer from an enlarged prostate if you meet the following conditions:
- Genetic vulnerability
- Other problems in the reproductive system
- Heart condition
- Advanced age (above 60)
- Serene life
What Are The Symptoms Of Enlarged Prostate?
An enlarged prostate can manifest itself in various forms. But the severity of the conditions depends on how much swelling is there in the prostate.
Watch out for the following symptoms of an enlarged prostate:
- Urine inconsistency
- Pain during urination
- Difficulty in initiating urination
- Dripping at the end of urination
- Straining during urination
- Frequent urge to urinate
- Frequent urination even during the nights
- Blood in urine
- Infections in the urinary tract
Enlarged prostate is a chronic condition. The symptoms and the discomfort will worsen if its condition is not properly treated and monitored. It can even stop passage of urine or damage the kidney.
How Is Enlarged Prostate Diagnosed?
After the initial physical examination, if the doctor notices that your prostate is mildly enlarged, then the following tests will be suggested:
- Blood test to detect any possible kidney problems.
- Ultrasonography (USG)
- Digital Rectal Exam
- Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) blood test
- Urine test to detect infection and any other health condition
If your symptoms are more complexive, then you may be advised for a few more tests before any kind of surgical treatment is attempted:
- Prostate biopsy: A small section of prostate tissue is removed and tested to find out if the growth is cancerous.
- Transrectal ultrasound: An invasive ultrasound so that the doctor can measure the full extent of your condition.
- Cystoscopy: It gives the doctor a clearer view of your urethra and bladder.
- Urodynamic and Pressure Flow Studies: Measures the flow and strain as you pass urine.
If diagnosed early & timely can be treated effectively either by only medication or surgical intervention. But you must approach medical care as soon as you notice the symptoms.
How Is Enlarged Prostate Treated?
In the very initial stages, the swelling can be managed with a few medicines and practising healthy urinary habits. The medicines may include hormonal pills, antibiotics, and nerve medications to smoothen the passage of urine. If the swelling can be subdued with these activities, there is no need to worry about your prostate condition any more.
But unfortunately, many a time, when the patient arrives at our treatment centre, the condition is quite developed and requires a surgery. But don’t worry, even the surgeries are very common and entirely safe (save a few common surgical risks, which can be avoided with proper care).
Two common surgeries are:
Transurethral Resection Of The Prostate (TURP): In this procedure, a small incision is made through your urethra and the prostate is removed in small pieces. This surgery is done under the influence of anaesthesia and requires you to stay at the hospital for a few days.
Laser Prostatectomy: Light waves are used to break down and dissolve the extra growth of tissue in your prostate. It requires no incision. Hence, there is minimal pain and a very low risk of complications.
If you are facing any such problems, you must visit our doctors immediately. At Sunshine Hospitals, we have the best urologists who will be able to serve you the best treatment.
About Sunshine Hospitals:
A Multi Super Speciality Institution, 500 bedded Sunshine Hospitals (Paradise Circle, Secunderabad) is promoted by globally reputed Joint Replacement Surgeon Dr AV Gurava Reddy (Orthopedic Doctor) and like-minded associates who share the objective of making world-standard healthcare available, affordable and accessible to the common man. Sunshine has now become one of the best hospitals for many treatments including Orthopedic, Gastroenterology, Cardiology, Trauma and Neurology.