Often you might have noticed a few people make involuntary movements without any apparent reason. This might indicate some form of involuntary muscle disorder which the person might be suffering from. One such condition is called Dystonia.
What is Dystonia?
The condition of dystonia is a movement disorder where the muscles contract involuntarily causing various twisting and repetitive movements.
Dystonia can affect either one part of your body, in which it is called focal dystonia, or it can also affect two or more adjacent muscles or parts, this condition is called segmental dystonia and ultimately there is general dystonia where the condition of dystonia affects all parts of the body.
Do you have Dystonia?
When it comes to the symptoms of dystonia, it usually starts affecting in a single area and after the age of 21. It can either be in the arm or neck or even affect the face.
The symptoms are:
- It usually occurs during a single action such as handwriting.
- The movements worsens with any kind of stress or anxiety.
- It becomes more noticeable with time.
What are the causes of Dystonia?
The exact cause of dystonia is not known as of yet even though there have been studies and research.
Most often, dystonia is the symptom of another disease or another condition. Some of the conditions where dystonia is a symptom is:
- Parkinson’s Disease
- Huntington’s disease
- Traumatic Brain Injury
- Birth injury
- Brain Tumour
- Infections such as TB
How is Dystonia Treated?
Firstly and most importantly, if you feel you have the symptoms, waste no time and visit your doctor and if not, visit us or book an appointment with Sunshine Hospitals so that there is no delay and our doctors can help you control the condition and symptoms.
However, there are various kinds of treatments for dystonia. It ranges from medication, therapy and surgery.
To reduce or eliminate the excessive muscle contractions which happen due to dystonia, botox is administered as an injection which can improve your abnormal movements and postures. The botox injections are given three to four times every month depending on the severity of your condition.
The medications have side effects but they are temporary and minimal such as weakness in the neck, dry mouth and changes in voice tonation. Other forms of medication include Valium which reduces the neurotransmissions and might help reduce dystonia. They do cause drowsiness as a side effect.
Other forms of medications are benztropine and tetrabenazine which act on neurotransmitters and also block dopamine
Apart from medicines, doctors often suggest therapy which can help you in improve the symptoms of dystonia.
- Physical therapy to help ease the muscle contractions
- Any kind of speech therapy of dystonia if it affects your speech.
- Various methods of physical training can help stretch muscles and ease pain.
Surgery as a treatment method only comes into question when medication or therapy both fail to improve the condition of dystonia in a person.
There are two main types of surgery which is done and which is highly complex and delicate to improve dystonia in a person.
- Deep Brain Stimulation
- Selective Denervation Surgery
The condition of dystonia is a long term one and if not identified or controlled at an early stage, it affects quality of living to a great extent. However, if you do thing you have the symptoms, it is always better to consult a doctor immediately or Visit Us at Sunshine Hospitals where our doctors will do their best to control this condition and make your life, better.
About The Doctor:
After completing her MBBS in 1999 and getting a gold medal from SVS Medical College in Mahboobnagar, Dr. Anitha Kotha went on to becoming the Diplomate in National Board for General Medicine at the prestigious Nizam’s Institute of Medical Sciences for 3 years. After that, she went on to serve as the Doctor of Medicine for Neurology in NIMS. Dr. Anitha is one of the most experienced neurosurgeons and is a life member of the prestigious Indian Academy of Neurology and also the Medical Association of India.
About the Hospital:
A Multi Super Speciality Institution, 500 bedded Sunshine Hospitals (Paradise Circle, Secunderabad) is promoted by globally reputed Joint Replacement Surgeon Dr. AV Gurava Reddy (Orthopedic Doctor) and like-minded associates who share the objective of making world-standard healthcare available, affordable and accessible to the common man.