- 26 March 2019
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IBS: Symptoms And Causes
What is IBS?
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), it is a common disorder which causes abdominal pain and affects the large intestine(colon). IBS is a chronic condition which has a longlasting effect that you’ll need to manage long-term. It changes the pattern of bowel movements, but it doesn’t cause any changes in bowel tissues.
IBS greatly affects the quality of life and causes a great deal of discomfort and distress. People with IBS may experience certain disorders such as anxiety, major depression, and chronic fatigue syndrome etc. Patients often miss out their work and more, and they might also feel discomfort to take part in daily activities.
Signs And Symptoms Of IBS
The signs and symptoms of IBS vary from person to person. The most common symptoms include
- Abdominal pain or discomfort along with bowel dysfunction is one of the main symptoms
- Cramping and bloating that is typically or partially relieved by passing a bowel movement
- Some people suffer from constipation (hard, difficult-to-pass, or infrequent bowel movements)
- Some people suffer from diarrhoea (frequent loose stools, often with an urgent need to move the bowels)
- Some people even experience both alternating constipation and diarrhoea.
- Some people will experience bloating, which builds up gas in the intestines and causes a feeling of pressure inside the abdomen.
- Sometimes people with IBS pass mucus with their bowel movements.
Causes of IBS
Experts are working to discover the exact causes of IBS, even though there are some common factors that they agree upon which can develop IBS. The reasons include:
Motility Problems in the intestine: Motility means the movement of the food taken through the gastrointestinal tract. When this movement of food is affected, i.e. motility is slow, or too fast IBS occurs. When this motility is slow, it may cause constipation, and when it is too fast, it may cause diarrhoea. Usually, you may experience stress in the stomach immediately after having food.
Poor Nervous system: The abnormalities in the nerves of your digestive system can cause greater discomfort when your abdomen extends from gas or stool. When there is Poor coordination between the brain and the intestines, it can lead to overreactions to the regular changes that occur in the digestive process of your body and end up with pain, diarrhoea or constipation.
Improper Diet: Maintaining an improper diet can also cause IBS. Some people complain about worsening of symptoms after consuming certain foods such as fatty foods, spicy foods, beans, cauliflower, cabbage, milk and dairy products, chocolate, and alcohol.
Infections: IBS might also develop if there is an overgrowth of bacteria in the intestines and also after a severe bout of diarrhoea (gastroenteritis) which is caused by bacteria or a virus.
Hormonal Problems: Experts says that hormones such as estrogen and progesterone may be the reason behind the boosting up of IBS symptoms. Generally, women are more prone to effect from IBS than men. Especially they complain about the worsening symptoms during the monthly menstrual cycles.
Heavy Stress: stress occurs whenever there is an imbalance of mind, body, and brain. IBS occurs when there is an increased gastrointestinal response to stress which arises from the complex biological interaction in between the brain and the gut(Microflora – good bacteria resides in the intestine). When you face excessive anxiety, fear, anger, or depression it triggers the changes in the brain and stimulates exaggerated gut responses.
Home Remedies For IBS
Treatment for IBS varies from person to person. So you and your doctor need to work together and find the right treatment plan to manage your symptoms.
There are many things that can trigger the symptoms of IBS, including certain foods, medications, the presence of gas or stool, and emotional stress. You should learn about your triggers and need to make some lifestyle changes and take proper medication to get relief from IBS.
- Do regular physical exercise
- Avoiding caffeinated beverages which stimulate the intestines
- Eat smaller meals
- Minimize stress (talk therapy may help)
- Take “probiotics” (good bacteria normally found in the intestines) to help relieve gas and bloating
- Avoid deep-fried or spicy foods
IBS might be a pain in the stomach. If you take preventive steps like managing your stress and watching out on your diet which are the best ways to relieve IBS symptoms from home. If you are looking for a permanent solution to your IBS condition, you can approach Sunshine Hospitals to get best medicines and treatment that will suit your unique condition and help you in the best possible way.
About the Doctor:
Dr. Nagarjuna Yarlagadda is a reputed Gastroenterologist at Sunshine Hospitals, Gachibowli. After getting his MBBS degree from Rangaraya Medical College in Kakinada, he earned his MD from Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences in Chandigarh Dr Nagarjuna has 25 years of experience. He served as Additional Professor of Gastroenterology at NIMS (Nizam Institute of Medical Sciences) and was a consultant gastroenterologist at Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences (KIMS) for 14 years and has rich teaching experience as well. He also serves people as a member of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology, INASL and SGI. He has published papers and trials in national and international journals.
About Sunshine Hospitals:
A Multi Super Speciality Institution, 500 bedded Sunshine Hospitals (Paradise Circle, Secunderabad) is promoted by globally reputed Joint Replacement Surgeon Dr AV Gurava Reddy (Orthopedic Doctor) and like-minded associates who share the objective of making world-standard healthcare available, affordable and accessible to the common man. Sunshine has now become one of the best hospitals for many treatments including Orthopedic, Gastroenterology, Cardiology, Trauma and Neurology.