Many of us have heard about the great epic of the Trojan War. Right?
For those who have not..
The Trojan war was one of the greatest wars fought in Greece between the city of Troy and the city of Sparta, where Achilles was the greatest warrior to have fought in the battle. He was immortal. When he was a baby, his mother, who was also immortal, had dipped him, holding his heel into sacred and holy water.
Nobody could kill Achilles or harm him unless someone harmed his heel as that was the one part of his body which was not dipped in holy water. Eventually, his enemies found out the secret and he was killed in battle.
The reason this story is important is that we have tendons all over the body which joins different muscles to our bones. But the largest and strongest of them all is the Achilles Tendon which was named after the great warrior.
What is the Achilles Tendon?
The Achilles Tendon, being the largest in the body can still be vulnerable to injuries even though it can endure great force. It is the tendon which joins the calf muscles to the heel bone and runs along the back of the lower leg.
Like all tendons and ligaments in the body, there are times when due to some strenuous activity, they suffer from some tears, it is the same with the Achilles tendon.
One of the most common conditions which causes the Achilles Tendon to weaken is Achilles Tendonitis. It is a condition, where due to some high intensity sports or activities, the tendons suffer from micro tears.
Causes of Achilles Tendonitis:
There are a number of reasons for the occurrence of this condition and it can occur in many different ways. Some of them are more temporary than the other types.
The faster the condition is diagnosed, it will aid in prevention of further serious injury by helping the treatment as well.
Some of the major causes of this condition are:
- Usage of incorrect or worn out shoes while running or exercising.
- Not doing a set of warm up exercises while hitting the gym or indulging in a high intensity sport.
- Increase in intensity of exercises way before than necessary. For example, running one kilometer the first day and then pushing to five kilometers the next day.
- Running on hard or uneven surfaces.
- Injury or reduced flexibility of the calf muscle which adds to pressure on the achilles tendon.
- Indulging in sudden intense physical activity.
There are also other internal causes which may lead to the damage or tear of the achilles tendon. In many cases, the anatomy of the feet, leg or ankle can affect the achilles tendon and result in tears. People with ‘flat feet’ can add to the pressure of the tendon.
The symptoms of Achilles Tendonitis:
One of the most common and also obvious symptom of this condition is the gradual build of pain which eventually worsens as time goes by.
Some of the other symptoms are:
- The Achilles Tendon feels sore near the area where it meets the heel bone.
- The lower part of the leg feels weak, still or even slow to some extent.
- Post running or exercising, the lower part of the leg experiences slight pain but increases in a short period of time.
- The tendon swells up or even forms a bump.
- The pain in the area of the tendon increases post running for a long time or when stairs are climbed.
All these causes and symptoms, specially the symptoms must be checked on an everyday basis so that it may result in an early diagnosis and better treatment as well. If Achilles Tendonitis is not treated for a long time, it can get torn or ruptured due to continuous activity. It is essential to consult with an expert Orthopedist or a clinic which is reputed for its Orthopedic team if any of the symptoms are noticed.
About Sunshine Hospitals
A multi-super speciality institution, 500+ bedded Sunshine Hospitals (Paradise Circle, Secunderabad) is promoted by globally reputed Joint Replacement Surgeon Dr. AV Gurava Reddy and like-minded associates who share the objective of making world-standard healthcare available, affordable and accessible to the common man.