Kidney diseases are prevalent globally. An estimated one in ten people worldwide suffer from chronic kidney diseases. Women are equally prone to chronic diseases like men, infact certain factors which are specific to female gender makes the problem more unique to women.
The idea is to spread awareness about the problems and to show the magnitude of the problem. Commonly known kidney diseases women suffer from:
- Urinary Tract Infections (UTI)
- Lupus Nephritis
- Chronic Kidney Diseases (CKD)
- Kidney problems related to pregnancy
1. UTI – Urinary Tract Infections UTI or Urinary Tract Infections are faced by nearly 50% of women worldwide at some stage in their lives. Although there is no specific age bar for women as to when they are estimated to face those issues, its common in women of all age groups. Women with a shorter uthera have more chances of UTI. Women who are more sexually active have more of an opportunity to face UTI than women who aren’t, but women have an increased risk when they change sexual partners. Other risk factors for women to contract UTI could be related to their use of birth control as well as to those who use spermicidal agents. Another known risk factor is when after menopause when the estrogen levels are low, it could cause vulnerability to the said infection. UTI, the diagnosis could be made with a complete urine examination, and once the patient is infected, doctors could pursue further treatments to solve the issues.
Women, to avoid Urinary Tract Infections, could always sort pre-medical advice from doctors or gynaecologists to ensure they are on the right track and much away from the infection as possible. Contraceptives are a significant cause, and with the right choices in them, one could easily evade an infection. Post coital voiding habit is one of the important and easy way to prevent urinary infections. Also, women need to ensure they consume a lot of fluids as it helps immensely in clearing up the dangerous elements.
2. Chronic Kidney Diseases
Chronic Kidney diseases affect nearly 190 million women worldwide and are responsible for almost 6 Lakh deaths yearly, which is also regarded as the 8th leading cause of death in women. There is data that suggest that women developing CKD is as high as men getting it, but there are some studies which speculate this risk could be higher in women. On average 14% women are likely to be affected than men who have a prevalence rate of 12%.
On the other hand, women are less frequent to go through a dialysis procedure than men, as the progression of CKD is much slower in women than compared to the opposite sex. Additionally, when it comes to the kidney transplant, it is reported that women are more often donors to male members of their families. Here are some common reasons for CKD in men or women
- High blood pressure
- Heart and blood vessel (cardiovascular) disease
- A family history of kidney disease
- Abnormal kidney structure
- Older age
Lupus Nephritis is a disorder which is seen more in women that leads to kidney problems. This disorder is related to being an autoimmune disease which mostly happens when the immune system starts attacking the own body’s organs and cells. This problem is likely to show up after symptoms such as skin rash, photosensitivity or facial rash show up, especially when the woman patient is going through kidney problems.
Kidney problems related to pregnancy is the unique state which gives an opportunity to evaluate renal health in women.
To begin with, women with CKD find it very difficult to conceive a child. Prolonged chronic kidney disease might even lower the fertility rate in women as well as risk the outcome in already pregnant women. There could also be cases of hypertension or birth disorders in the child, as there is a likelihood of the child being affected inside the womb.
The other big issue is the use of birth control in women who are at a child-bearing age and also suffering from CKD, as it causes high blood pressure in the body as well as enhancing chances of blood clotting. When it happens, it will aid in worsening the kidney disorder. But blood pressure problems with pregnancy is not only for women with CKD, in fact, women without it could face complications as well.
Many other issues that increase blood pressure in pregnant women are likely to put more, intense pressure on the kidneys. High blood pressure during pregnancy could also lead to kidney failure, and it possesses a high risk for CKD later in their lives.
Kidney disorders for women are on the rise and getting worse by the year.Women have a higher risk of kidney problems than men. In many regions across the world, women have plenty of socio-economic issues to deal with these issues early on in their life, and it is suggested that all women take care of themselves, and consult a doctor for full check-ups of the kidney.
Treatments are more comfortable to conclude, with far fewer complications than in conditions that are discovered at an advanced stage. Women are at high risk when it comes to kidney diseases and could die because of these problems.
About The Doctor:
Dr. Archana is a Consultant Nephrologist, working at Sunshine Hospital, Gachibowli. She is a qualified Nephrologist with an experience of more than 8 years. She is trained in the management of various kidney diseases and performs verious procedures like dialysis access, hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis, kidney biopsy, renal transplantation etc. Critical-care nephrology and delaying the progress of CKD are her areas of interest.
About Sunshine Hospitals:
A Multi Super Speciality Institution, 500 bedded Sunshine Hospitals (Paradise Circle, Secunderabad) is promoted by globally reputed Joint Replacement Surgeon Dr. AV Gurava Reddy (Orthopedic Doctor) and like-minded associates who share the objective of making world-standard healthcare available, affordable and accessible to the common man.