Nobody would want to be the itchy scratchy person in the room. It is the most embarrassing thing when you are itching in odd places at the wrong time, but the itch is so irresistible that you scratch and continue scratching till you see the redness and swelling and realise that, it is not just a mosquito bite but something more serious.
What could it be?
While most skin conditions begin with itching and inflammation, there are some factors that create a distinction between them, one such skin condition ou might have heard of at least once in your lifetime, is ringworm, medically known as tinea or dermatophytosis.
What is Tinea?
Tinea is a fungal infection caused on the first layer of the skin. Ringworm is a misnomer of the condition, it is known as ringworm not because they cause it, but because the infection surfaces in the shape of rings, they’re inflamed red rings on the skin.
What are the types of tinea?
There are way too many names for the condition which can be very confusing. The types of tinea are divided according to the body part the infection is appearing on. Given below are the types of tinea,
- Tinea pedis: tinea of the foot
- Tinea unguium: tinea of the nails
- Tinea manuum: tinea of the hands
- Tinea cruris: tinea of the groin
- Tinea corporis: tinea of the body
- Tinea capitis: tinea of the scalp
- Tinea faciei: tinea of the face
- Tinea barbae: tinea of the beard
- Tinea imbricata: tinea of overlapping pattern
- Tinea nigra: rashes that are black in colour
- Tinea versicolor: rashes in various colors
- Tinea incognito: infection that is disguised
Causes of Tinea
A fungal infection occurs when an invading fungus takes over the body and the immune system is too weak to handle it. The condition is not very serious but can cause a lot of discomfort and irritation. Coming in contact with an infected person, object or animal is the most common cause of tinea, because the infection is very contagious. The fungal infection can be contracted from damp surfaces such as shower floors. You are also likely to develop a fungal infection if you have oily skin, or if you live in a hot climate.
Symptoms of Tinea
- Redness and/or itching
- Burning or stinging
- A rash that may form blisters or pustules
- Raw, inflamed or scaly skin
- In more severe cases, weeping or oozing areas of skin.
Treatments For Tinea
Your course of treatment will depend on the size, region, and thickness of the infected area, based on that you could be prescribed topical antifungals that are used directly on the skin. Some of them include shampoos, creams, soaps. The other treatment is the prescription of antifungal pills, for more serious or recurrent cases of tinea. Generally the infection subsides even before you know it, but if it persists, you must visit a dermatologist to get a deeper understanding of the condition, we at Sunshine, have an excellent Department of Dermatology, that caters to all kinds of skin conditions.
About the Doctor:
Dr Hari Krishna Reddy – Consultant Dermatologist
Dr Hari Krishna Reddy is one of Sunshine Hospital’s leading people in Dermatology. Dr Reddy holds vast experiences in treating, consulting and expertise in dermatology and the many problems people have in the area. His expertise is vital in solving plenty of complex cases we get on a regular basis.
About Sunshine Hospitals:
A Multi Super Speciality Institution, 500 bedded Sunshine Hospitals (Paradise Circle, Secunderabad) is promoted by globally reputed Joint Replacement Surgeon Dr AV Gurava Reddy (Orthopedic Doctor) and like-minded associates who share the objective of making world-standard healthcare available, affordable and accessible to the common man.