A vaccine is a biological preparation that improves immunity to a particular disease. A vaccine typically contains an agent that resembles a disease-causing microorganism, and is often made from weakened or killed forms of the microbe, its toxins or one of its surface proteins.
Types of vaccines:
There are five main types of vaccines:
– Attenuated (live) vaccines
– Inactivated vaccines
– Toxoid vaccines
– Subunit vaccines
– Conjugate vaccines.
The Types of Vaccines in pregnancy which are safe:
– Flu vaccine
– TT vaccine changed to Tdap vaccine
Flu is an illness caused by a virus which is similar to a bad cold but more serious. I often makes you feel very weak and makes your muscles hurt.
– Fever* or feeling feverish/chills
– Sore throat
– Runny or stuffy nose
– Muscle or body aches
– Fatigue (tiredness)
Some people may have vomiting and diarrhea, though this is more common in children than adults.
Complications of Flu:
Viral or bacterial pneumonia, dehydration, and ear infections and sinus infections. Flu can worsen long-term medical conditions, like congestive heart failure, asthma, or diabetes.
Flu vaccine in pregnancy:
It’s safe to get a single dose of the flu vaccine at any time during your pregnancy especially in between November to march.
The mother passes antibodies on to her developing baby that will protect against flu for the first several months after birth.
It takes about two weeks after vaccination for antibodies to develop in the body and provide protection against influenza virus infection.
Breastfeeding women also should get the accurate type of vaccine for flu to protect themselves from flu.
By getting the TT vaccine, your body makes antibodies that fight against the tetanus bacteria and prevent the disease from developing.
Your antibodies are passed on to your growing baby when you get the vaccine in pregnancy so that your baby is also protected from the disease for the first few months of her life until she gets her first TT vaccine, usually at the age of six to eight weeks, as part of the DTP vaccine.
Now instead of TT vaccine, Tdap is the type of vaccine which has got approval by WHO, covering 3 deadly diseases.
Tetanus, also called lockjaw, is a disease of the central nervous system that causes painful muscle spasms and convulsions. The bacterium that causes tetanus can be found in soil and in animal waste.
Diphtheria is a respiratory infection that can cause breathing problems, paralysis, coma, and even death.
Women who are pregnant need a dose of TDAP vaccine (the adult whooping cough vaccine) during each pregnancy, preferably in the early part of the third trimester that is between 27 to 36 weeks of pregnancy.
It’s safe to be given during pregnancy and will help protect your baby against whooping cough in the early months of life when he or she is most vulnerable.
About Sunshine Hospitals:
A Multi Super Speciality Institution, 500 bedded Sunshine Hospitals (Paradise Circle, Secunderabad) is promoted by globally reputed Joint Replacement Surgeon Dr. AV Gurava Reddy (Orthopedic Doctor) and like-minded associates who share the objective of making world-standard healthcare available, affordable and accessible to the common man. Sunshine has now become one of the best hospitals for many treatments including Orthopedic, Gastroenterology, Cardiology, Trauma Neurology and Bariatric Surgery in Hyderabad.