What is Vertigo | Types of Vertigo | Sunshine Hospitals

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Vertigo and Dizziness – What to do about it?

Vertigo and Dizziness – What to do about it?

Love is not the only thing that can make the world spin for you. There can be many other reasons that you probably might not figure out immediately.
Think about what could make you feel dizzy.

Pregnancy
A sun stroke
Low blood pressure
Stress.

Well, if you’re a man, a pregnancy definitely cannot be one of the reasons. So, what else can it be?

Vertigo?

If this sounds and feels familiar, then you are on the right page.

Vertigo: A First-Hand Account

Imagine this.

The worst roller coaster ride ever.
Feeling drunk, but minus the high
A feeling of floating in the air, in a scary way.
The experience of tripping and falling, without it actually happening.

Vertigo

This is exactly how an episode of vertigo feels like.

More often than not, it creates a panic attack; you feel disconnected. But then, instead of getting scared and worried, take a deep breath, sit down and try to relax. After your vertigo episode, there would be a number of questions bothering you:

  • Why is everything around spinning?
  • What could have caused it?
  • Is it because of low blood pressure?

Understanding Vertigo: The What, Why And How

A common understanding of vertigo even as mentioned in the beginning of this article, is that it occurs because of acrophobia (fear of heights). But that’s not completely true. Vertigo is a kind of dizziness, a subjective experience that feels like you’ve lost a sense of surrounding. You feel like you are standing still and everything around you is moving fast. Some of you might experience a blank feeling.

Dizziness could be indicative of many conditions: low blood sugar level in the body, pregnancy (for women) or  even a neurological problem. While reading up about it is the first step to understanding your condition, yet, the best thing for you to do is to let a doctor confirm why exactly you are experiencing it.

Based on your symptoms and results of investigative tests, your doctor will be able to diagnose the problem.

If you have vertigo, it quite different from what you’d probably know it as. Vertigo is usually in the head, and more specifically in the ears. To explain that, you’ll have to look into the types of vertigo and how they work.

Types Of Vertigo

  • Central Vertigo
  • Peripheral Vertigo
  • Benign Positional Vertigo (BPV)

Central vertigo: Central vertigo refers to a dysfunction in the central nervous system which leads to dizziness. It is a neurological problem and occurs when there’s an issue with the messages traveling from and to the brain.

Peripheral vertigo: Peripheral vertigo is the type which is most common, and primarily occurs in the inner ear.

Benign Positional Vertigo (BPV): Benign positional vertigo is the second most commonly seen type which causes a sudden spinning sensation. The inside of your head also seems like it’s spinning. If you have BPV, you might experience short periods of mild or intense dizziness especially when you changing the position of your head while lying down.

Is This Vertigo? How Can You Be Sure?

The most important one you need to know is if you’ve had this experience ever before? If yes, here’s all that you must know of your condition.

Like mentioned, the dizziness you’d experience when you have vertigo will have completely unique characteristics to it.

Vertigo symptoms can occur even when you are perfectly still and stable. Even before the doctor diagnoses the issue, there are certain signs that are indicative of a vertigo episode.

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Pounding headaches
  • Sweating profusely
  • Ringing of a blank tone in the ears

Some people might also experience loss of balance or abnormal eye movements which can be due to a neurological defect. It is sometimes accompanied with the above symptoms which can cause weakness and imbalance to last for a few days. This is when there can be a higher suspicion of something going wrong with the brain. A prompt evaluation done by experts in time can lower the risk of severe conditions such as strokes.

When you look into the nitty gritties of vertigo symptoms, you might find yourself in a pool of questions and doubts that you’d like to know. One of which is, causes of vertigo. You can also consult our experts to understand the causes in detail. But before that, you can have a brief outlook of it.

Behind The Scenes: What’s Causing Your World To Spin?

Vertigo Causes

Now that you’ve read about what vertigo is, and if you’ve been having something similar to this, we’re sure you’d like to know more. Read through the symptoms and if you find them similar to what you’re experiencing, we’re just a call away. You can call us and consult our experts to get some answers. So, read on to know your symptoms.

A Problem Originating In Your Ear- Vertigo causes can be categorised by the type of vertigo you have. The most common one is peripheral vertigo that involves the inner ear. Ears are the most important in keeping you balanced, and even in navigating!

The fluid inside the ear that is responsible for receiving and transferring signals from and to the brain. The ear has very fine hair called stereocilia. A sticky substance called glycoprotein is responsible to hold this fine hair. It is made up of tiny crystals of calcium carbonate which move along when the human body moves. When the hair sense the crystals moving, they send signals to the brain. When there’s a fault in this sensing and signal transmission, it results in a spinning sensation. The brain gets clues of something going wrong, and tries to figure out what’s happening.

Peripheral vertigo has two other categories which are vestibular neuritis and labyrinthitis. The inside of the ear in these cases becomes inflamed which is usually caused due to a bacterial or viral infection.

Ménière’s disease is a rather less known condition that occurs in many people, but is usually not diagnosed sometimes at the right time. It is a progressive and long-term condition of the inner ear in which the attacks occur suddenly and last for several hours.

Side-effects of certain drugs – If you are used to taking certain medications for a prevailing health condition, sometimes it can affect the central nervous system that might slow down the process of the transfer of signals from and to the brain. You can list this as one of the major causes of vertigo.

Other vertigo causes also include:
Migraines – A pounding headache which can be categorised as a neurological condition. Migraines are often so painful that can result in blocking the reception of the signals sent by the body to the brain and vise versa.
Multiple sclerosis – An autoimmune disorder which results in the body defences wrongly attacking the nervous system.
Brain tumours – Brain tumours which are benign are also a part of the main causes of vertigo. The tumours which affect the cerebellum block the brain’s reception causing sudden dizziness and spinning sensation.

Knowing what causes vertigo is almost like half the problem solved. It makes a huge difference when it comes to knowing what to do when you have an attack. Although we’ve given you quite a brief of the causes of vertigo, an advice from an expert is always an icing on the cake. So why not plan a visit and consult an expert. Sunshine can help you meet the best doctors who will guide you through every bit of your problem.

A Life With Vertigo: Will It Be Extreme?

How do you feel when you’ve not been able to sleep peacefully the entire night? Irritable, cranky and low. Isn’t it? Well that’s exactly what happens when you have vertigo. It’s like a constant fear that keeps ringing in your mind about doing certain things, and you restrict yourself from a lot that you can do. For example climbing up to the top floor, or going on a trek with friends. Not only that you find it difficult to even sleep at peace.

Even though a vertigo is not an extremely serious condition, It’s quite a concern because it might affect your health in a number of ways that you might not realise. Also, all other issues put together can result in something serious if vertigo is not addressed in time. So, it’s important to have your doctor understand your condition to make life easier for you. Managing vertigo can become much simpler with the help of a doctor.

So, How Frequent Will The Spinning Be?

Typically, you’ll understand if it’s a vertigo attack or not based on how long the symptoms last for. If it’s indeed vertigo, then the symptoms will be at their peak for a couple of hours, but in all likelihood, your balance will be a bit off for the next week or so.

In fact, it might take you a couple of weeks to become completely steady and have good balance.

If these episodes become very frequent, it’s best to stop ignoring it thinking it’ll get cured on its own. Having sudden dizziness and losing your sense of balance isn’t just going to harm your health, but will also put you at risk, especially when you are alone. Simple activities like walking, sleeping and even driving might become very dangerous, as you’d risk an accident.

So, be wise and get professional help immediately.

Do You Need A Doctor’s Help?

Vertigo Cure

A doctor is always the best person to guide you through into how to manage any health condition you have. Every problem has a solution and does not fade until you work towards solving it. So yes, you must see a doctor or rather will have to see a doctor to make things easier for yourself. Vertigo treatments are many, and in fact if your case is a severe one, you might have to be on medication, but if there’s a way out without medicines, there’s no harm in trying it out. Here are some home remedies, or usual ways that you can try for better management of your vertigo.

Reduce Stress – Stress and inflammation go hand-in-hand. Stress reduces the immunity and results in making you feel drained out. This can make you more prone to ear infections that lead to vertigo. So, relaxing techniques must be adopted.
A Healthy Diet & Hydrating Yourself – Diet does play a significant role in helping manage vertigo. Anti-inflammatory foods can subside the infection in the ears and help you manage your condition. Water is an essential mineral that you must take seriously. Many people drink less water and don’t realise that they get dehydrated. Dehydration is one of the main triggers for vertigo.

Observing other symptoms – Talking to your doctor about your individualistic symptoms might help your doctor guide you better. You might or might not need medication and that becomes easy to determine when your symptoms are informed in much more detail to your doctor. So, making a move of visiting a doctor can make you rid yourself from all your fears of vertigo being an extreme problem.

We, at Sunshine Hospitals are here to spread the shine of health, and are just a call away. So call us and book your consultation now. Hurry up!

ABOUT THE DOCTOR:

Dr. Anitha Kotha - Neurology

After completing her MBBS in 1999 and getting a gold medal from SVS Medical College in Mahboobnagar, Dr. Anitha Kotha went on to become the Diplomate in National Board (DNB)  General Medicine at the prestigious Nizam’s Institute of Medical Sciences(NIMS) for 3 years. After that, she did 3 years course of DM  Neurology in NIMS and then  worked as a Consultant Neurologist in Yashoda hospital -Somajiguda for 3 years.   Dr. Anitha is one of the most experienced neurologists and is a life member of the prestigious Indian Academy of Neurology and also the Medical Association of India.

ABOUT SUNSHINE HOSPITALS
Multi Super Speciality Institution, 500 bedded Sunshine Hospitals (Paradise Circle, Secunderabad) is promoted by globally reputed Joint Replacement Surgeon Dr. AV Gurava Reddy (Orthopedic Doctor) and like-minded associates who share the objective of making world-standard healthcare available, affordable and accessible to the common man.  Sunshine has now become one of the best hospitals for many treatments including Orthopedic, Gastroenterology, Cardiology, Trauma and Neurology.