Dengue is a mosquito-borne disease frequent in cities with a tropical climate. There has often been confusion between Dengue and Malaria, but the clarification is that Malaria is commonly found in villages as opposed to Dengue which gets frequent cases from the urban population.
Dengue is carried and spread by the female Aedes mosquito, which thrives in clean water. This makes it a cause for concern during the monsoons, as there is enough supply of fresh water all around. People are therefore recommended that they continuously check on places that could collect and store clean water, especially spare tyres, tanks etc., where water is likely to be collected and could become breeding grounds for the female Aedes mosquito. On the other hand, many people also deploy mosquito eating fishes to avert the danger of the female Aedes mosquito breeding further.
It is also known to be active during daytime as opposed to common mosquitos affecting at night. This means one has to be careful, especially in the morning period to not be bitten by any mosquito and hence it is recommended to take proper precautions to avoid the same, more so during the monsoon season.
What are the symptoms of Dengue fever?
At first, the female Aedes mosquito bites and causes an infection that will trigger the showing up of symptoms, around four days after the initial contact. These symptoms last from seven to ten days. Some of the most common symptoms include –
- High fever
- Severe headaches
- Extreme eye pain
- Joint and muscle pain
- Loss of appetite
In some severe cases however, there could be mild nosebleed, gum bleed as well as internal organ bleed, changes in bowel movements and women experiencing heavy menstruation.
Many times, patients often mistake symptoms of dengue to that of a typical fever. The signs, however, are much milder in young children and those who have never had the disease before, than in those who have suffered from it previously. Furthermore, extremely severe cases of dengue have additional symptoms like
- High fever
- Damage to the blood vessel
- Enlargement of the liver
- Circulatory system failure.
Extreme cases of dengue could also progress to shock or death. Those patients suffering from dengue and have a weaker immune system are more likely to experience critical conditions of the disease.
It is one such disease that contracts a patient and goes away on its own in a matter of days. Owing to that nature of the disease, there is hardly anything available that could be described as the cure. However, there are ways to manage the symptoms and the patient until it goes away.
Ideally, a doctor would recommend several pain relief medications, but particular ones. On the other hand, the doctors would also ask patients to consume plenty of fluids and to take ample rest. In cases that show prolonged nature of symptoms needs to Visit a Hospital immediately for the management of dengue in the best way possible.
How to avoid Dengue during monsoons?
If a person gets affected by the Dengue virus, nothing can be done about it other than managing the symptoms and the disease in the right way, as there is no specified cure for the same. On the other hand, dengue is an all season disease, but the breeding of the female Aedes mosquitos are prone to be more active during monsoons.
Ensure areas in the house where water could collect are kept clean or emptied at all times, and no place is neglected. Additionally, it is advised to do everything possible to prevent the mosquitos away from your body by use of mosquito repellents, nets etc., and most important of all avoid encountering a mosquito during the daytime, especially in the early morning hours.
About Sunshine Hospitals:
A Multi Super Speciality Institution, 500 bedded Sunshine Hospitals (Paradise Circle, Secunderabad) is promoted by globally reputed Joint Replacement Surgeon Dr. AV Gurava Reddy (Orthopedic Doctor) and like-minded associates who share the objective of making world-standard healthcare available, affordable and accessible to the common man.