What is Sciatica and Its Treatment | Sunshine Hospitals


What is Sciatica and its Treatment?

Do you often have pain in your lower back?

Do the sides of the stomach hurt frequently?

Do you experience severe weakness and numbness of the feet?

If you have said yes  to one or more of the questions above, you might have also dismissed it off as a ‘fatigue issue’. But then, if it’s persistent, you also understand that it isn’t just fatigue that triggering off these pains.

What could this pain possibly be hiding?

Probably sciatica.

What is Sciatica Pain?

Sciatica Pain Overview

The Sciatic Nerve is the largest nerve in the body of a human. It is located right below the Lumbar Vertebrae. It starts by branching out from the roots of the spinal cord. The Sciatic Nerve is the only nerve which consists of individual nerve roots. You might have Sciatica pain when the nerve or a large part of the nerve has been damaged or has been compressed, which causes irritation to the nerves.

Who Is Likely To Have Sciatica Pain?

Symptoms of Sciatica Pain

Even though sciatica sounds like a very lethal condition, there is some respite for you – it usually never happens before the age of 20. This issue is most likely to happen too a person in his or her middle age, mostly above the age of forty. In fact, fifty percent of people, after hitting the age of 40, are likely to suffer from Sciatica pain.

Why Does Sciatica Pain Happen?

Causes of Sciatica Pain

No one is born with a Sciatica issue or with complaints of Sciatica pain. It is a problem which develops overs the years, for the Sciatic nerve to get damaged, it takes time. The problem with Sciatica pain is that, when one does not get it checked or get it treated. It might become very painful for which one is left with no other option, but to get it surgically treated.

What Causes Sciatica Pain?

Sciatica is caused by various factors. But, serious Sciatica pain, which need a compulsory surgery happen due to the following reasons. These might also lead to surgical interference at the earliest.

The various causes are:

  • Lumbar Herniated Disc: A herniated lumbar disc in common medical parlance refers to a slip disc. A lumbar herniated disc is said have happened when the soft fluid from the inner part of the disc leaks out through the core which consists of fibrous matter.
  • Degenerative Disease: It is absolutely normal for an aged person to have a weak disc. But, sometimes, degeneration can happen to discs without the age factor affecting the discs. Essentially, it is the one or two of the degenerated discs at the back cause Sciatica pain. Degenerative discs result in excessive micro motion, which causes the pain.
  • Isthmic spondylolisthesis: This probably one of the worst contributors to Sciatica pain. This generally happens when a fractured part of the vertebra falls over the other part. With both the discs interjecting and colluding over each other, the Sciatic nerve gets pressed between the discs and it leads to irritation in the sciatic nerve and this results in acute Sciatica pain.
  • Lumbar spinal stenosis: The spinal cord’s canal narrows down with age. This factor related to the lumbar spinal cord, happens after the age of sixty years. In this instance of Sciatica pain, the loose disc places pressure on the nerve roots. This commonly contributes towards Arthritis.
  • Piriformis Syndrome: The piriformis syndrome is caused as the Piriformis muscle in the buttock can press the Sciatic nerve and due to the weight of the bone, it caused Sciatica pain.
  • Sacroiliac joint dysfunction: The Sacroiliac Joint is one of the most important joints in the body. This is located at the bottom of the spinal cord. This can irritate the Lumber 5 (L5) Nerve.

How To Treat Sciatica Pain?

Generally, with the advent of technology and medicinal research, the number of surgeries, in the twentieth century has reduced. Hence, not many victims of Sciatica pain are asked to undergo a surgery. A visit to the doctor is advised when a person has symptoms which are suggestive of Sciatica pain.

There are two types of Treatment for Sciatica Pain. They are:

  • Surgical Method: In cases where the Sciatic pain is due to lumbar disc herniation, it is possible to have a small surgery. In this type of surgery, a special type of technique is used to pinch that part of the herniated disc that is pinching the nerve. The rest of the disc is not touched upon by the surgeon.
  • Non-Surgical Methods: Over the counter medication is very popular among the non-surgical methods of treatment of sciatica pain. Usually, muscle relaxants or mild narcotics are prescribed. Steroids might be prescribed by the doctors. The steroids might be in the form of intravenous injections or might be in the form of pills or capsules.
  • Alternate Methods: Alternative forms of treatments have been used over the years for Sciatic pain. Some of the popular methods of alternate methods include:
  • Acupuncture: According to this popular way of treating, there free flow of energy is increased in certain parts of the body, this is turn enhances the blood circulation. Very thin needles are used in this system to puncture the closed area or the affected area which gets a person rid of Sciatic pain.
  • Massage therapy is another popular method. Which, over the years has helped people get relieved from pain. Massage helps in releasing endorphins, which help from Sciatic pain.

Now that you know all about sciatic pain, you would have also understood that it could lead you into much trouble if you ignore it. Watch out for the symptoms listed above and consult your doctor immediately to ensure that the problem can be diagnosed early, so that treatment options can be put to use as soon as possible. That’s the only way by which you can be cured soon too.

About Sunshine Hospitals

A Multi-Super Speciality Institution, 500+ bedded Sunshine Hospitals (Paradise Circle, Secunderabad) is promoted by globally reputed Joint Replacement Surgeon Dr. AV Gurava Reddy (Orthopedic Doctor) and like-minded associates who share the objective of making world-standard healthcare available, affordable and accessible to the common man.