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Are You at Risk of Thrombosis?

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World Thrombosis Day

Are You at Risk of Thrombosis?

 

A blood clot – which is known as thrombus is formed within a blood vessel (vein or artery) and blocks the normal flow of blood through the circulatory system and causes major health issues. This is known as thrombosis. There are two main types of thrombosis:

Venous thrombosis: When a blood clot blocks blood flow through a vein, it is known as venous thrombosis. It can cause deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE).

Arterial thrombosis: When a blood clot blocks blood flow through an artery, it is known as arterial thrombosis.
When calcium and fatty material (plaque) builds up in the walls of arteries (coronary arteries), the walls thicken. This is known as arteriosclerosis. The plaque can rupture suddenly and blocks the supply of blood to heart muscles. Blockage of blood supply to heart muscles causes a heart attack. Similarly, when arterial thrombosis occurs in the arteries that supply blood to the brain, it may lead to a stroke.

Causes of thrombosis
• Certain medicines (birth control medicines)
• Some autoimmune and inherited disorders
• Blood disorders
• Obesity
• Sedentary lifestyle
• Immobility owing to any reason
• Fractures (broken bone)
• Injury to leg vein

The risk factors for thrombosis
Most of the risk factors for arterial and venous thrombosis are same
Risk factors for arterial thrombosis
• Obesity
• Poor Diet
• Sedentary Lifestyle
• Family history of arterial thrombosis
• High Cholesterol
• High Blood pressure
• Smoking
• Diabetes
• Older age

Risk factors for venous thrombosis
• Being obese or overweight
• Smoking
• Older Age
• Inherited blood clotting disorders
• Injury to a vein (trauma) or from surgery
• Personal history of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
• A family history of DVT
• Injury to a vein due to a broken bone
• Heart Disease
• Lung Disease
• Crohn’s Disease
• Cancer
• Sedentary lifestyle

Symptoms of thrombosis

Symptoms may differ from person to person and may include:
• Leg pain, swelling in arm or leg
• Chest pain
• Pain in the calf or inner thigh of the leg
• Cold leg or arm
• Weakness or numbness in the leg
• Sudden change in your mental state

Thrombosis symptoms may look similar to the symptoms of other health conditions and blood disorders. Therefore, it is always better to consult a healthcare provider for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Diagnosis of thrombosis

A physician examines the patient by making a note of medical history, symptoms and physical examination and may order blood tests, ultrasound, MRI or CT scans.

Treatment of thrombosis

A treatment plan is created based on the age, medical history and overall health of the patient. The physician also assesses the patient’s tolerance to therapies, medicines and other treatments.

Complications of thrombosis
Complications of thrombosis depend on the location of thrombus and may include lung problems (breathing difficulty), heart attack and stroke.

Prevention of thrombosis

The risk of thrombosis can be reduced by:
• Becoming active
• Exercising your legs after long-standing
• Stretching your legs during long trips
• Losing weight
• Getting back to post-surgical activity
• Managing high cholesterol and high blood pressure
• Managing diabetes
• Quitting smoking

Bottom line

Thrombosis occurs when a blood clot blocks a vein or artery. The symptoms of thrombosis include chest pain, discomfort, numbness in the arm or one side of the body, pain and swelling in one leg and the complications associated with thrombosis can be life-threatening – pulmonary embolism (PE), heart attack and stroke. Certain lifestyle changes can help prevent thrombosis.

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