- 03 May 2018
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Brain Injuries: An overview
“He/she has no brains!” How often have heard people say this? Very often, perhaps. But then, how does that even make sense? Everybody is blessed with a brain, because without the brain, we are empty. Our body cannot function, remember, think, understand, feel and so many other functions are just not possible without the brain. Our brain is the command centre of the nervous system of our body as we had learnt in school. It receives inputs from other sensory organs of the body and send output to them as well. It is the centre of all the communication within the body of all living beings. There are three main parts of the brain which are the cerebrum, brainstem and the cerebellum each having its own set of functions which are carried out with speed and effectiveness every second of a person’s life. Our brain is a work of art. Carrying out tens of thousands of functions per second and never stopping even when a person is asleep. We are nothing without the brain, lifeless, the reason why if something happens to our brains, it could be very dangerous, to keep it simple.
Brain Injury A Brain injury is a level of damage which causes some level of disruption to the cells of the brain. There are many sources of brain injury like trauma, stroke, a tumour among the many other causes of brain injury.
Traumatic Brain Injury: Traumatic Brain Injury is mainly caused by external force. For example a massive hit on the head, causes the brain to move inside the the skull. The injury may damage the skull which in turn damages the brain to some extent. A damage to the brain cells can be temporary or permanent in nature. If the damage is permanent, it hampers the person from performing day-to-day activities or the most basic functions in daily life.
Most of the times when the damage is mild or moderate, there is no need of worry, a person usually makes full recovery over time. If the damage is extensive, then the effects of the injury stays through the lifetime of a person. All traumatic brain injuries are head injuries but it is not necessary for all head injuries to be a brain injury as such.
There are mainly two types of brain injury:
Acquired Brain Injury: This type of brain injury is caused solely by internal factors and occurs at a cellular level. It mainly occurs when some amount of pressure is put on the brain which may in many cases occur due to a tumour. It can also be a result of some neurological illness such as a stroke. There is also another kind of brain injury which happens at birth due to genetics or some form of birth trauma.
This is called as Congenital Brain Damage. Some brain injuries affect a particular area of the brain. They are more localised in nature and the damage is also confined to a small area. Other brain injuries such as closed head injuries often cause damage to a widespread area of the brain which basically implies that the damage is in different parts of the brain.
Damage caused due to brain injuries: There are some symptoms which vary with the extent of the brain damage. A mild brain damage can cause nausea, headaches, confusion and some types of memory problems. In a moderate brain injury, the symptoms may be more severe. In both cases though, fortunately, the patient usually makes a good recovery with good care and with the help of good doctors.
But in most cases, around 15% of people experience issues even after one year post injury. Now with regard to severe head injury, a person may suffer from drastic and life-changing problems. They may have, cognitive, behavioural or even physical disabilities due to the particular injury. In the end, it all depends on the type of brain injury one gets and also the treatment they get once they go to a hospital or a doctor.
Experts in the field of neurology and reputed hospitals with a good neurological department should be consulted and visited immediately after an injury so that the treatment is done. Timing is everything in a brain injury. The more time spent in waiting, the more damage crawls up in the brain.
About the doctor:
Dr Naveen is an expert in treating with brain tumor cases. He takes special interest in supervising brain scan and MRI on patients suspected of Alzheimer’s and other neurological diseases. He is one of the best neurosurgeons in Hyderabad and is sought after for some of the most delicate and complicated brain surgeries.
About Sunshine Hospitals