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CPR – An Overview

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CPR – An Overview

Would you save a person if he or she was dying?

Your answer would be a yes.

But, are you equipped to do so when a person is having a heart attack.

Heart Attack

You’d want to, but you must be thinking that only a doctor can perform such stunts. You know what, so can you!

Most of you know the process of CPR by witnessing it somewhere on a digital platform, but do you know what it stands for? CPR stands for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation. This is what you should learn to be able to save somebody who is having a heart attack.

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation, is a basic life saving technique. A CPR is given to a person who might be suffering from a Heart Attack, might have been drowning or anything which might resulted in the heart to stop.

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

So, for those of you who do not know how the process of CPR works, let’s look into it. Shall we?

The Procedure of CPR:

It is essential to understand and remember the acronym CAB: C – Compressions; A – Airways and B – Breathing.

The first step in the procedure of CPR is. 


The flow of oxygenated blood in your body keeps you alive. The aim of compressions in the process of CPR is the restore the blood circulation in the body.

CPR First Aid

The steps for compression are:

  • The person should be on the back and lying on a firm surface.
  • Kneeling next to the person’s neck and shoulders is the next step to be done.
  • The heel of one hand should be placed on the center of the chest of the person. The other hand will be placed on the first hand. Elbows should be straight and shoulders should be directly above the hands.
  • Once the placement is correct, compressions need to start. Upper body weight should be used to provide pressure on the hands and ultimately on the person’s chest. Number of compressions should be at 100-120 per minute.


This part of the process should only be done if the person is trained in performing a CPR. If you are trained in CPR, after 30 compressions, put your palm on the person’s forehead, tilting the head back gently. With the other hand, lift the chin forward to open the airway of the person.


When it says, breathing, it means you will be breathing for a person while performing the process of CPR.

Rescue breathing is usually done on a mouth-to-mouth basis or even mouth-to-nose if the mouth is severely damaged or can’t be opened.

The steps involved in breathing are:

When the airway is opened by you, pinch the nostrils shut for a mouth-to-mouth procedure.

Two rescue breaths need to be given. The first one should last a second and if the chest rises, the second one will follow. If the chest isn’t rising for some reason, tilt the head, lift the chin and then give the second breath.

Continue CPR until there is breathing and signs of improvement or until the ambulance arrives.

Understanding CPR

If a person is untrained: In most cases, people are untrained when it comes to having knowledge about CPR and performing it. In case you do not know and there is an emergency, do not blindly follow what you see in the movies. Chest compressions should be given to the person at a rate of 100-120 compressions in a minute. Please note that mouth-to-mouth is not to be given.

If a person is trained: If you are trained and confident, you would be a saviour. Firstly, checking for pulse and breathing is a must. If there is neither, then begin with the chest compressions. 30 chest compressions with two rescue breaths or mouth to mouth, as it is commonly called.

CPR can be given to infants, children, adults and older people as well but not new born babies.

Once the heart of a person stops, it takes usually less than two minutes to suffer from brain damage and around eight to ten minutes for a person to die due to lack of oxygenated blood. Hence to know more on CPR and save lives, visit us or book an appointment at Sunshine Hospitals!

The pros of giving a CPR is ultimately saving lives which, if given on time can also minimise damage to a great extent, but have you thought that CPR can also have a few disadvantages?

Some disadvantages of CPR are:

Broken Ribs and Bones: The process of CPR requires around 60 kg of pressure. During the process of CPR, the pressure can crack the ribs or even result in a fracture.

Disadvantages of CPR

Mouth to Mouth can often spread disease: Most of the diseases in the world are communicable in nature which can be also spread with contact through saliva like in the case of mouth to mouth breathing.

For you and many others, these might be risks which can be taken, in order to save a person’s life. With that in mind, any kind of risk is ignored but the damage caused in your effort of saving a life might be harmful for the person who is already in bad shape.

CPR is one of the life skills which everyone should know on a basic level as emergencies can happen at any time and anywhere, so book an appointment with us at Sunshine Hospitals to know in detail about CPR.

About Sunshine Hospitals:

Multi Super Speciality Institution, 500+ bedded Sunshine Hospitals (Paradise Circle, Secunderabad) is promoted by globally reputed Joint Replacement Surgeon Dr. AV Gurava Reddy (Orthopedic Doctor)  and like-minded associates who share the objective of making world-standard healthcare available, affordable and accessible to the common man.

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