Diabetic Arthropathy – An Overview
Cookies and cakes.
Chocolate and icecream.
Donuts and pancakes.
What’s common here, apart from the fact that you love them?
They’re all sweet!
Now, you know what excess sugar leads to: Diabetes.
There are mainly three stages of diabetes. The first stage is Prediabetes where the blood sugar is high but not high enough to make it Type 2 diabetes.
Type 1 is the stage where the body stops the production of insulin in the body. What Insulin is supposed to do is to take the glucose in the body and turn it into energy and when you have Type 1 diabetes, that does not happen.
The next stage is Type 2 Diabetes where the condition become chronic and affects the way your body process blood sugar as whole.
Now, Diabetes is like slow poison. It affects one part of the body and then the other, sometimes with minimal damage and sometimes, with a little more.
Diabetes affects the joints of the body. You would know what Arthritis is, right? According to recent research, 47% with arthritis also have diabetes.
A condition where diabetes is the cause of joint pains is called Diabetic Arthropathy. The joint is the area where two bones come together. With age, the joints wear down gradually resulting in loss of protection.
The pain of diabetic arthropathy is felt over time unlike the pain of trauma. There also other symptoms which determine the condition of diabetic arthropathy:
- Thick Skin
- Changes in the feet
- Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
- Painful Shoulders
Diabetic Arthropathy comes in different forms:
The Charcot Joint is not exactly diabetic arthropathy but it is called neuropathic arthropathy. This particular condition happens when a joint is deteriorating due to a certain nerve damage, the root cause of which is diabetes. It primarily affects the feet.
Diabetic Hand Syndrome:
In this form of diabetic arthropathy, the hand is primarily affected as the name suggests. It is a prevalent condition for people who have been suffering from diabetes since a long time. The skin on their hands and fingers become thickened and waxy. The exact cause of this condition is not yet known but this limits finger movement to a great extent.
This condition is commonly seen and heard about. In this form of diabetic arthropathy, osteoporosis is a condition which causes the bones in our body to easily break and fracture. This is a very common condition seen in people with Type 1 diabetes.
The condition of osteoarthritis is a joint disorder which is distinguished by the breaking down of joint cartilage in the body. This is very common in people who are obese and also people suffering from Type 2 diabetes. Osteoarthritis is also a form of diabetic arthropathy.
A frozen shoulder is a condition which is commonly seen in people of all ages as such. A frozen shoulder is when there is limited movement of the shoulder and the arm. It usually affects one shoulder and even though the cause is unknown, it is seen that diabetes is a risk factor for this form of diabetic arthropathy.
These are the various forms of diabetic arthropathy which affect people who have been living with diabetes for a long time. It is necessary and always better if you can control the intake of sweet and the level of glucose in the blood as losing out mobility of the body is never a good way to go about in life.
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About Sunshine Hospitals:
A Multi Super Speciality Institution, 500+ bedded Sunshine Hospitals is promoted by globally reputed Joint Replacement Surgeon Dr. AV Gurava Reddy (Orthopedic Doctor) and like-minded associates who share the objective of making world-standard healthcare available, affordable and accessible to the common man.