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Endometriosis: Symptoms, Causes And Risks Factors

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Endometriosis: Symptoms, Causes And Risks Factors

The functioning of the human body is often a mystery. Every muscle pull and a cramp is like a strong reminder by the body to our brain that it needs to be taken care of. Although every human is bound to face such reminders irrespective of gender, the female body is more vocal about it. One of these painful reminders is a condition called ‘Endometriosis.’

It is a painful disorder in women where cells similar to those in the endometrium (the tissue layer that covers the inside of the uterus) grow outside the uterus. Endometriosis often occurs on the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and tissue around the cervix and tissues lining your pelvis. In sporadic cases, it appears in any part of the body.

Medical surveys state that endometriosis affects between 3% to 10% of reproductive-aged women. There are many ways to diagnose endometriosis if you have been experiencing the following symptoms. Take a look at the signs, and we shall further look at the tests that diagnose endometriosis.

Symptoms Of Endometriosis:

Menstruation is a natural process in women. If you’re feeling excess of pelvic pain with your menstrual period, It may be due to endometriosis. Even though women may experience pain during their menstrual period, women with endometriosis tend to report that menstrual pain increases over time than usual.

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Other Symptoms Include:

  • Pain during or after sexual activity, heavy periods (menorrhagia) or heavy bleeding between periods (menometrorrhagia).
  • Bleeding before your period is due.
  • Pain with bowel movements, frequent urination during the menstrual cycle.
  • Painful periods (dysmenorrhea), i.e. Pelvic pain and cramping may begin prior to your period and extend into your period and remain for several days.
  • Lower back and abdominal pain.
  • Endometriosis is also seen in women taking treatment for infertility.
  • You may also experience other symptoms like fatigue, constipation, bloating or nausea, tiredness or lack of energy, especially during menstrual periods.


The tests that your gynaecologist might prescribe:

  • An ultrasound
  • A complete pelvic examination
  • A blood test

Causes of Endometriosis:

There are no specific causes of this painful disorder. However, below are some of the causes.

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Disorder In The Immune System: Changes in the immune system, i.e. If the immune system in the body is damaged or having any faults there is a possibility of damaging the endometrial tissues.

Retrograde Menstruation: During retrograde menstruation, the menstrual blood which contains endometrial cells should flow out of the body; instead it flows back into the fallopian tubes and the pelvic cavity. These endometrial cells stick to pelvis walls and to the surface of pelvic organs which later grow thicker and bleed during the menstrual cycle.

Transformation Of Peritoneal Cells: Experts used to say that hormones or immune system promote the conversion of coelomic cells and peritoneal (align the inner side of your abdomen) cells into endometrial cells. These transformations may also cause endometriosis.

Transformation Of Embryonic Cells: The transformation of embryonic cells (cells lining the abdomen and pelvis) into endometrial cells implants during puberty which can also lead to endometriosis.

Scar Endometriosis: Endometriosis may affect the cervix and vagina or to sites of a surgical incision near the abdomen. It is known as “Scar Endometriosis.”

Transport of Endometrial cells: Another possible cause is that endometrial cells lining the uterus system travel through the blood vessels or lymphatic system (tissue fluid) to other parts of the body.

Risk Factors Involved:

There were several risk factors which involve you in affecting with endometriosis, such as:

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  • If you never give birth to a child, there is a risk of developing in endometriosis.
  • Early puberty.
  • Menopause (the period in a woman’s life when menstruation ceases) at an older age typically between 45-50 years.
  • An occurrence of a short menstrual cycle, for example, less than 27 days.
  • High estrogen levels in your body.
  • Low body weight in women can also lead to endometriosis.
  • Alcohol.
  • If one of your family members having endometriosis, there is a chance of transferring it to the future generation.
  • Irregular menstrual cycle.
  • Structural abnormality of your uterus, cervix, or vagina.

Painful menstrual cycles and endometriosis have been growing with time and lifestyle these days play a crucial role. By knowing the above risk factors, you can strategically manage your health. We Sunshine Hospitals are here help you with the best of the gynaecologists in Hyderabad to educate you about endometriosis and countless other problems that could creep in. Early diagnosis and timely treatment will help you prevent endometriosis.

About Sunshine Hospitals:  A Multi Super Speciality Institution, 500 bedded Sunshine Hospitals (Paradise Circle, Secunderabad) is promoted by globally reputed Joint Replacement Surgeon Dr AV Gurava Reddy (Orthopedic Doctor) and like-minded associates who share the objective of making world-standard healthcare available, affordable and accessible to the common man. Sunshine has now become one of the best hospitals for many treatments including Orthopedic, Gastroenterology, Cardiology, Trauma and Neurology.

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