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Frequent and Urgent Bowel Movements, with Pain and Diarrhea?

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Frequent and Urgent Bowel Movements, with Pain and Diarrhea?

Are you suffering from loose stools with pain in your stomach?

Whatever you eat is being thrown out of your body via stools?

Are you defecating watery stools more than usual, which is causing severe dehydration and which is increasingly becoming hard to hold?

If you do, then you might be suffering from diarrhoea.

Most people do not like to talk about their digestive problems because they feel embarrassed. This problem is something that we suffer alone behind the drapes of social stigma. This does not help. If you open up to people about your condition, there is a possibility that at least someone might empathize and suggest a solution.

The number of people suffering from digestive disorders sees an upward trend, and in this battle against diarrhoea, you are not alone. It is time to swallow our pride and open up so that we can make the necessary changes today. Through this blog, we would like to explain what are frequent and urgent bowel movements, diarrhoea, pain associated with frequent and urgent bowel movements, most common digestive disorders which cause persistent and urgent bowel movements, symptoms and treatment.

Do contact your doctor if you have any of the following conditions related to your digestive system for expert advice.

What are Frequent and Urgent Bowel Movements:

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Frequent and urgent bowel movements is a condition where a person has to defecate more often than usual. There are many possible causes, including rotten food, bacterial infections, and medication side effects. Treatment is usually with over-the-counter medicine. Frequent and urgent bowel movements make it difficult to control bowel movements.

Frequent bowel movements are a condition where a person makes bowel movements more often than usual (eliminating intestinal waste). Most people experience 0-4 bowel movements per day, but the frequency may vary from individual to individual based on several factors such as diet, exercises, lifestyle (sedentary or active), and health condition he/she may be suffering.  So, an unusual increase in frequency with loss of control over the holding of bowel movements should be referred to a doctor for further evaluation.

The two main conditions of defecation are constipation and diarrhoea. Most people treat diarrhoea as loose stools or runny stools, while others consider diarrhoea as a frequent bowel movement. These bowel movements often occur in all men and women of all ages.

Diarrhoea and Pain Associated with Frequent and Urgent Bowel Movements:

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Diarrhoea is one of the symptoms often associated with frequent and urgent bowel movements. The main sign with diarrhoea is abdominal pain. Pain is associated with changes in the frequency or consistency of stool. Changing bowel habits can be chronic diarrhoea or constipation. Some people experience diarrhoea and constipation at different times.

What causes frequent and urgent bowel movements?

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Some cases of frequent bowel movements only last a short time and need no worry. They can be caused by indigestion, rotten food, oily or spicy foods, incompatible foods or intestinal defects that clear in a day or two.

Other possible causes of bowel movements often include increased physical activity, some drugs such as antibiotics or metformin or dietary changes (more fibre, water, fat or sugar). Bowel movements can return to normal after you get used to these changes or change your diet.

If someone has other symptoms that accompany more bowel movements, there may be other reasons, including the following:

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  • Bacterial infection
  • C. difficile infection (which can be severe if untreated)
  • Viral infection
  • Parasitic infection, such as from worms or protozoa
  • Diverticulitis (the small pockets on the wall of the colon becomes inflamed as fill with stagnant faecal material)
  • Inflammatory bowel disease (a group of disorders, including Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis, that cause irritation and swelling of the digestive tract)
  • Pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas)
  • Celiac disease (an autoimmune disease that causes sensitivity to gluten, a protein found in grains such as wheat, rye or barley)
  • Cancer of the colon or elsewhere in the digestive tract
  • Food allergies
  • Gallbladder problems
  • Lactose intolerance
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (a disorder of the colon or lower bowel with symptoms that include abdominal pains or cramps)
  • Side effects of medications (including antacids, laxatives, stool softeners)
  • Foods and beverages, including certain herbs and herbal teas, alcohol and caffeine
  • Causes upset to the useful  bacteria in the gut due to use of antibiotics
  • Bowel obstruction
  • Complications of intestinal or abdominal surgery
  • Complications of cancer treatments such as chemotherapy or radiation therapy

Diagnosis for Frequent and urgent bowel movements:

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Disorders that affect the digestive system are referred to as digestive disorders. Some disorders simultaneously affect several parts of the digestive system, while others affect only one part or organ.

Based on the medical history, physical examination, the doctor chooses the appropriate test that includes:

  • Endoscopy
  • Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging
  • Stool occult blood tests
  • Acid-related and reflux-related tests
  • Intubation of the digestive tract
  • Manometry
  • Video capsule endoscopy
  • Laparoscopy
  • Ultrasound scanning (ultrasonography)
  • Nuclear scans
  • Paracentesis
  • X-ray studies

These tests can help doctors find, diagnose, and sometimes cure a problem. Some tests require that the digestive system be cleansed from feces, some require fasting and some do not require any preparation.

Diagnostic tests can be useful in diagnosing the presence or absence of certain diseases.

Tips to Manage Diarrhea at  Home:


If you have diarrhoea, you should drink plenty of fluids like:

  • Drink plenty of water
  • Oral rehydration fluids
  • Diluted cordial concentrate
  • Diluted juice (one part juice or soft drink to 5 parts water).

Do not drink undiluted lemonade or soft drinks  because high glucose levels can drain fluid into the intestine and cause more diarrhoea. Don’t use sports drinks for rehydration.

Other Measures Include the Following:

  • Limit food intake if you suffer from diarrhoea. Don’t limit fluid intake.
  • When you start eating, eat only light and dry foods and avoid raw grains and fruits and vegetables.
  • Limit consumption of fatty, sweet or spicy foods for 48 hours.
  • Pay attention to signs of dehydration, especially in children and the elderly.

Some people may be temporarily lactose intolerant (unable to digest lactose) until diarrhoea settles down. If you see diarrhoea for more than one or two weeks, you should consult a doctor.

When to Seek Medical Advice:

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You should contact your doctor immediately if you have the following symptoms:

  • Blood in your stools
  • Symptoms of dehydration, including reduced urine, dry mouth and sunken eyes
  • Fever more than 30 ° C or more than three days
  • Severe abdominal pain
  • Worsening symptoms of diarrhoea or diarrhoea two days later in infants or children and five days later in adults.

Know the red signs of digestive symptoms, which are dangerous, and seek medical help immediately. These include rectal bleeding, vomiting, loss of appetite, significant weight loss, fever, night cramps, and anaemia.


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If you have more bowel movements than usual, you might want to change your diet. For example, you may want to increase your whole grains intake, which increases fibre intake.

More frequent bowel movements are mild that can be resolved by themselves. If there are no other signs or symptoms, related to diarrhoea, then you may be in good health.

If you have diarrhoea and pain that does not resolve, and If you have any other signs and symptoms associated with diarrhoea, then you should see a doctor for treatment immediately. Treatment options differ from patient to patient. Your doctor shall advise you based upon your condition.


Defecation is a natural phenomenon. Everything that goes in has to come out, be it air, water, or food. Defecation is frequent for a healthy human being, and if this frequency increases abnormally, it will become a reason for concern. Many a time, loose stools or diarrhoea is short-lived and ceases on its own.

Sometimes, the conditions deteriorate with time and may lead to severe dehydration. Such conditions require immediate medical attention so that it is examined, diagnosed, and treated accordingly. With monsoons, there is a high scope of diarrhoea affecting people, especially children. So, care has to be exercised about food and water; contaminated food and water are the primary sources of diarrhoea.

If you or anyone in your family is suffering from diarrhoea with an increase in frequency, please do not hesitate to get medical treatment, you may contact us at Sunshine Hospital 04044550000

About the Doctor:

Dr. Nagarjuna Yarlagadda – Gastroenterologist

Dr. Nagarjuna Yarlagadda is a reputed Gastroenterologist at Sunshine Hospitals, Gachibowli. After getting his MBBS degree from Rangaraya Medical College in Kakinada, he earned his MD from Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences in Chandigarh Dr Nagarjuna has 25 years of experience. He served as Additional Professor of Gastroenterology at  NIMS (Nizam Institute of Medical Sciences) and was a consultant gastroenterologist at Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences (KIMS) for 14 years and has rich teaching experience as well. He also serves as a member of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology, INASL and SGI. He has published papers and trials in national and international journals.

About Sunshine Hospitals:

A Multi Super Speciality Institution, 500 bedded Sunshine Hospitals (Paradise Circle, Secunderabad) is promoted by globally reputed Joint Replacement Surgeon Dr AV Gurava Reddy (Orthopedic Doctor) and like-minded associates who share the objective of making world-standard healthcare available, affordable and accessible to the common man. Sunshine has now become one of the best hospitals for many treatments including Orthopedic, Gastroenterology, Cardiology, Trauma and Neurology.

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