Health Issues that Creep up as You Age
Can Diseases Creep up as You Age?
You look healthy, eat right, exercise and are in very good shape for someone your age – still your body changes as you age – which means, getting older is becoming prone to certain illnesses – though, not everyone will get those, but still, there is a great deal of chance that some health conditions become more common as you age. The following are some of the diseases that creep up as you age:
If you ask this – could you please repeat what you said or simply ask someone “What did you say” even casually, then it is a sign that you are getting older. Almost 20% of people aged 45 and above have some sort of hearing issue or the other. Hearing loss becomes progressive as you age and even become worst at some point in time. There could be several reasons for your hearing loss – such as exposure to loud noises, genes, medication, any chronic illness and infections. Whatever may be the cause, you should seek immediate consultation with an ENT specialist if you think that you are not able to hear properly.
One of the major health concerns today is obesity as almost 50% of people are obese and the percentage is even higher in females. A person is considered as obese even if he or she weighs more than a few kilograms above their healthy weight. An obese individual is at risk of getting a huge number of chronic diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure, arthritis, heart disease and even cancer. The highest percentage of obese individuals are in the age between 40 to 55 years.
Heart disease is another risk factor after age 40 to 55 years. In many individuals, the disease can start in the late young age and becomes worst after age 40 and continues to cause distress if left unchecked for long. Therefore, for someone who is above age 40 and 55 years, the risk of heart disease is more likely to increase manifolds as compared to those who are in the age group of 25 to 35 years.
Within the last two and a half decades, the number of diabetes cases have almost doubled and are quite close to being getting tripled among middle-aged and older age individuals. Diabetes has now become a global epidemic. Almost one in three individuals are at risk of getting diabetes after age 45. Diabetes progresses very slowly – owing to which it is known as a silent killer. By the time it is detected, several people are at an increased risk of getting heart disease, kidney disease, nerve disease and even eye disease. Therefore, it is better to approach an endocrinologist and get blood sugar levels regularly checked.
High Blood Pressure
Ageing process can put you at risk of high blood pressure. Young people have healthy and flexible blood vessels and therefore bear the pressure of the blood passing through them, but as you age the blood vessels gradually loses their flexibility – owing to which excess blood pressure is exerted while carrying the blood. This is the reason why individuals above age 40 develop high blood pressure. However, by changing your routine lifestyle you can manage or prevent high blood pressure. To ensure that you should manage your weight and stress levels and exercise regularly. As far as managing high blood pressure is concerned, avoiding alcohol, quitting smoking and eating healthy can work.
Orthopaedic surgeons and rheumatologists attribute arthritis mostly to the regular wear and tear due to ageing – and they are right as nearly about 40% of individuals above age 45 have arthritis of the knee. But other factors are also important including the lifestyle and heredity. In addition, sedentary lifestyle, obesity, diabetes, deficiency of vitamin D3 and several other factors play a part too.
You are not in best of your reflexes and balance in the advancing years – owing to which, you become less steady and off-balance. Sometimes you may become unsure on your feet and prone to falls. If you have arthritis, then your falls can be devastating as your brittle bones are susceptible to fractures. Osteoporosis is common in women after age 50 as they are twice more likely than men to break their bones due to this brittle bone disease.
In addition to the above-mentioned health condition, your age can also increase the risk of other conditions like respiratory tract infections, pneumonia, complications associated with flu and worsening of heart and lung diseases. Furthermore, elderly people who have long-term heart diseases and arthritis are more likely to get depressed too.
As ageing is a normal life process, you cannot stop its progress; then, is there anything that you can do to prevent such diseases to live a healthier life? Yes, of course! lifestyle modifications can help. Just concentrate on four major factors – weight, diet, physical activity and stress. If you are able to manage these, you can age gracefully.