- 03 November 2019
- 498 Views
Stroke – Prevention is better than cure
Prevention of stroke is possible even for those who are at an increased risk owing to strong family history or genetic predisposition to stroke. Such people don’t need to resort to some drastic measures. The only prominent measure that they should take is to make some changes in their lifestyle.
Excess weight or obesity is a high-risk factor for several types of life-threatening diseases -such as heart disease, diabetes, liver disorders, and even cancer – brain stroke is no exception to this. Therefore, the first measure you must take is to shed that extra weight. Losing those extra pounds will make you feel healthy, energetic and agile – and also helps in keeping your blood vessel clean. To keep a check on your weight just stick to an exercise routine and manage your diet. Avoid fatty food, junk food, and food rich in animal fats and cholesterol.
The other means of checking the weight under control include eating a variety of colourful fruits and vegetables, reducing alcohol intake, quitting smoking and using stairs instead of elevators.
Involve in physical activities
Involvement in routine physical activities, housekeeping, gardening, jogging, walking, cycling and using stairs can make a lot of difference in your life – as far as your brain and heart health is concerned.
Manage blood pressure
Checking your blood pressure under control is very important. In the majority of the cases of haemorrhagic stroke high blood pressure, obesity and high cholesterol are the major risk factors.
Keeping blood pressure and cholesterol levels under check is as important as managing weight and doing physical activity.
Those who are diabetic should control their sugar levels with proper diet, physical activities and medications.
Pay Attention to Mental health
Women should keep their headaches and migraines under control apart from keeping their mental health and emotional well-being intact.
Mental, emotional and psychological health is equally important for men as well – recreational activities, listening to music, playing, going on a long drive and involvement in other playful, creative and recreational activities can help in keeping us physically and emotionally fit.
The following persons should take extra precautions
Individuals with any preexisting health conditions like heart disease, high cholesterol, any other neurological disorder, high blood pressure and also those who have had TIA (trans ischemic attacks) in the immediate past must take precautions as they could be at an increased risk of full-blown stroke in the future. Those who do not pay attention to the risk factors due to careless attitude and ignorance will pay the price.
Physical, emotional and psychological well-being is a key to arrest several types of lifestyle-related diseases even before they strike and stroke is no exception to this. You can keep your body healthy and blood vessels strong with some slight changes in your lifestyle as discussed above.
Dr. Vikram Sharma
MBBS, MD, DN (London), FAAN
Senior Consultant Neuro physician
Department of Neurology
Sunshine Hospitals, Gachibowli