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Martial Arts Injuries – How To Prevent Them?

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Martial Arts Injuries – How To Prevent Them?

Martial arts are some worldwide popular sports and a form of exercise. Karate is one of the martial arts which is the most practiced sport in the world after soccer. There are numerous styles of martial arts practicing in the world today.

Each having their importance and cover a broad range of activities that involve different techniques to fight, physical exercises, and the methods are mechanically, philosophically, culturally, and geographically diverse.

Today, Martial arts like Taekwondo and Karate, judo etc, are practiced around the world for self-defense, exercise, health, spiritual growth, law enforcement, and in the athletic competition also.

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What Are Common Martial Arts Injuries?

Though martial arts have a wide range of benefits sometimes, they may result in a wide array of injuries. Injuries are often dependent on a specific form of martial art performed. Actually, most of the forms of martial arts are non-contact, and they may result in overuse injuries. Compared to non – contact martial arts, contact martial arts are diverse in their techniques, rules, and protective equipment they use and these factors can trigger the injuries and injury rates.

Below are some common injuries caused while practicing martial arts follows:


Your brain is a soft organ and is surrounded by spinal fluid which acts as a cushion between the brain and skull. Your hard skull protects it. Even though when your head or your body is hit hard, possibly your brain may crash with your skull and can be injured. It is called concussion brain injury. Some common symptoms to recognize concussion are a headache, dizziness, nausea, balance problems, difficulties with concentration, and memory problems.

Concussion Symptoms are not the same to every person and they may last from several minutes to days, weeks, months, or even longer. Martial arts that involve in physical fights are more likely to result in concussions. If you find the symptoms of concussion in an athlete, he or she should not allow playing further until evaluated by a health professional.

Facial Injuries (Head/Eyes/Ear/Nose)

As some forms of martial arts involved in physical fights which require striking and grappling. Usually, these fights result in minor injuries such as cuts, bruises, and lacerations. Sometimes the injuries may be serious, such as the nose, face, or skull fractures and also significant injuries to eyes, ears mouth or teeth can result. However, these injuries can be minimized by practicing particular martial arts styles; you need to take training or coaching under experts, and also use protective equipment while practicing.

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Neck Injuries

However, some forms of martial arts allow choking techniques which can lead to loss of consciousness. While practicing these chocking techniques, there is a risk of minor injuries to the neck, such as bruising and abrasions, that are most common. It’s important to acknowledge the risks of different forms of martial arts before you opt to learn. Always learn martial any form of martial arts under appropriate supervision with a proper trainer.


Injuries to the extremities may be cuts, bruises, sprains, and strains. Though fractures and joint dislocations are less likely to happen, there are some possibilities while performing particular styles that requires throwing punches, chocking and joint locking techniques. So, by using appropriate techniques and proper supervision can help in minimizing the injuries or severity of the injuries.

Skin Injuries

Most of the skin injuries for athletes happen in contact sports such as wrestling and martial arts. Skin injuries such as cuts and bruises are fairly common in martial arts. Sometimes they even develop certain skin infections also. So, the better way to take care of your injuries is, only by getting treatment by an appropriate health care professional.

Hamstring Injuries

Hamstring(thigh muscles) injuries possibly occur when athletes pull or tear a hamstring while performing high kicks, i.e. some athletes try to perform techniques that are beyond their skill level which require more efforts from their body that leads to Hamstring injuries. However, the severity of the injuries might be reduced through hamstring stretches and by some cross-training exercises help in building up of resistance and strength in the muscles.

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How Can Martial Arts Injuries Be Prevented?

  • When you begin your training, you should make sure you have a good physical condition. Athletes who are participating in any form of martial arts should maintain proper fitness. When you are fit enough to use proper techniques, you can avoid injuries.
  • It would be best if you always got trained and practice any form of martial arts under proper supervision from an experienced master.
  • Always take ample time to warm up with jumping jacks, or running or walking for 3-5 minutes.
  • Cool down and stretch after training to avoid the risk of injuries. Cold muscles are more likely prone to injuries.

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  • Athletes who are participating in any competition must have a pre-participation physical exam and clearance evaluation from experts.
  • Before you going to practice or participating in any form of martial art competitions you need to wear perfect protective equipment i.e., gloves, mouth guard, headgear, chest protector, bracing and padding.
  • Always be in touch with a sports medicine professional or professional trainer if you have concerns about the injuries or strategies to prevent injuries.
  • At Sunshine Hospitals, We provide complete care for any kind of martial art injuries. You can contact our experts for treatment or any other suggestions to prevent injuries.

About Sunshine Hospitals:

A Multi Super Speciality Institution, 500 bedded Sunshine Hospitals (Paradise Circle, Secunderabad) is promoted by globally reputed Joint Replacement Surgeon Dr. AV Gurava Reddy (Orthopedic Doctor) and like-minded associates who share the objective of making world-standard healthcare available, affordable and accessible to the common man. Sunshine has now become one of the best hospitals for many treatments including Orthopedic, Gastroenterology, Cardiology, Trauma, and Neurology.

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