Precautions To Be Taken After Heart Surgeries
Heart surgeries are the major surgeries done to correct heart problems when all other treatments failed. Heart surgeries are on risen because of 2 major medical advances like heart-lung machines and body cooling machines that prevent brain damage. Today, 1000’s of heart surgeries are performed all over the world. Doctors use heart surgeries to treat several heart conditions including:
- Repair or replace heart valves to control blood flow through the heart
- Repair abnormal or damaged structures in the heart
- Implant medical devices that help control the heartbeat
- Implant medical devices to support heart function and blood flow
- Replace a diseased or damaged heart with a healthy heart
- Treat heart failure
- Treat coronary heart disease
- Control abnormal heart rhythms
Heart surgery has an excellent outcome but is associated with certain risks including bleeding, infection, irregular heartbeats, and stroke. The risk levels are higher in the case of women compared to men and among patients with other medical conditions such as diabetes, kidney disease, lung disease, or peripheral arterial disease.
Signs And Symptoms Of Infection Or Complications
The following are the various signs and symptoms of risks or complications that are often found in some patients following heart surgery.
- Clicking sound from sternum area
- Any separation of your incision
- Drainage and oozing from the incision
- Warmth/redness at the incision site
If you experience any of the above-mentioned symptoms, talk to your doctor as soon as possible.
Precautions To Be Followed After Heart Surgeries
Heart surgeries involve certain risks which can be managed with post-care precautions including physical activities and lifestyle changes. Taking on these precautions can help improve your heart health following the surgery. The following precautions can help you heal faster following heart surgery.
- Avoid wearing clothes that stick to your body
- Don’t operate heavy machinery for at least 6 to 8 weeks
- Abstain from sexual activity for at least 4 weeks
- Don’t twist in your upper chest
- Hold a pillow against your upper chest while coughing
- Avoid water pressure directly hitting your incision
- Limit picking at the incision site
- Avoid strenuous exercise or activities
- Avoid sleeping on your stomach, while resting
- Keep the surgical site clean and monitor for infection
- Quit smoking and alcohol consumption
- Get regular follow-ups with your specialist
- If you are prescribed medications, remember to take them judiciously
- Clean your incision area regularly with the suggested soaps and dry every time.
- Make sure to contact your doctor, if you feel any moves, pops, or cracks to your breast bone (sternum) with movement
- Eat a balanced diet for speedy recovery
- Avoid caffeine such as chocolate, tea, colas and tea in the evenings
- Take painkillers half an hour before the bedtime
- Proper sleep is vital for fast and quick recovery
- Don’t use oil, ointments, or dressings to your cut without your doctor consent
- Don’t consider high amounts of saturated fats as they can increase the cholesterol
- Avoid regular activities housework of any kind including sex
- Have regular follow up visits to your doctor
- Stay away from all emotionally stressful situations.
- Check your temperature every day to make sure you don’t have any kind of fever.
- Get back into your life slowly
- Don’t use any herbal supplements as they can counter-attack the prescribed medications
- Avoid consuming alcohol until your doctor says it’s okay
- Don’t let others pull your arms in any instance
- Avoid lifting anything heavy
- Patients are asked to wear elastic support stockings
- Give up on sweets instead consider natural or organic sweeteners
- Take a shower with warm water
- Avoid straining yourself too much
The above-mentioned precautions are must to reduce the risk of infections. However, your surgeon will provide you with more specific instructions that can help you avoid problems and speeds your recovery as much as possible. Make sure to contact your doctors, if you are experiencing any above-mentioned symptoms.
About Sunshine Hospitals:
Sunshine Hospitals, Bhubaneswar is an ultramodern 125-bed, tertiary care hospital located in the heart of Bhubaneswar. Established in the year 2015 with a mission to provide quality healthcare services to the people of Odisha. Sunshine’s patient-first approach steers it steadily in the direction of ensuring that state-of-the-art technology meets state-of-the –heart services to produce positive patient outcomes.