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What Are The Most Common Neurosurgical Procedures?

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What Are The Most Common Neurosurgical Procedures?

Neurosurgery or neurological surgery is a medical speciality associated with prevention and treatment of various disorders related to the nervous system including the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves etc. These neuro-surgeries are performed by trained and expert neurosurgeons.

Most of the people may not have a broad knowledge over a lot of medical procedures. When we talk about complex neurosurgeries, many people think that it has something to do with the brain. Well, this might be partly true but it actually involves much more than that.

Neurosurgical procedures can be performed for both adult and pediatric patients. There were a number of surgical and non-surgical options and is performed based on the nature of the disorder, disease or type of injury. Modern invasive and non-invasive surgical procedures have simplified brain surgeries to a great extent.

Here are some of the most common types of neurosurgery procedures which are performed by a neurosurgeon.

Anterior Cervical Discectomy

Almost every person may experience some sort of neck pain at a certain period in their lifetime. If a herniated disc is the reason for your neck pain, then a neurosurgeon is the solution to your problem.

The pain radiating due to herniated discs can be practically unbearable. These disc problems can be fixed with surgery in most of the cases. This is a common procedure that involves removing the damaged disc.


It is unfortunate that thousands of people are becoming victims of a brain stroke or brain injury each year. Fortunately, there are expert neurologists to perform neurosurgical procedures for these victims to save their lives.  A craniotomy is one of the procedures where a portion of a patient’s skull to create extra space for the brain to prevent the threat of brain being crushed.

Chiari Decompression

This is a procedure done for people those who have a defect in the brain that controls balance. This condition also referred to as Arnold-Chiari malformation.  Chiari decompression is the safest neurosurgery procedure for treating this condition, where a bone at the back of the patient’s skull is removed so that the patient will get an improvement in his balance and coordination.


This is a minimally-invasive procedure where small incisions are made in the skin during the surgery to remove a small portion of the lamina or vertebral bone. This is a common procedure for patients who are suffering from severe back pain.

Lumbar Puncture

This is a simple procedure but a very effective one. Lumbar puncture is also known as spinal tap and is done to diagnose the number of underlying diseases affecting a patient’s central nervous system.

Epilepsy Surgery

Usually, the first and basic treatment for people who are suffering from epilepsy is based on medicines. If the medicines are not effective then the neurological specialist opts for surgical treatment as the next option. Most of the procedures involved in removing a minor portion of the brain which is responsible for generating fatal seizures.

Spinal Fusion

This procedure is used to treat degenerative diseases or traumatic injuries of the spine. Spinal fusion surgical procedure is performed to keep the patient’s spine in a stable position.


This neurosurgical procedure is used to treat people who are suffering from painful herniated discs in the lumbar area.


In the ventriculostomy procedure, doctors will use a tube to remove excess fluid in a patient’s brain. This is a procedure performed without implantation.

Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt

This is also a procedure used to remove the building up fluid in someone’s brain. In this case, a shunt is implanted into the brain to drain the excess fluid that accumulated in the head.

If our brain does not work properly, our body will become static. If our brain doesn’t work in a way it’s supposed to, we begin to reach a vegetative state. This is where the significance of neurosurgery comes into the limelight. The use of both invasive and non-invasive modern surgical procedures simplified many brain surgeries and other complex procedures and saved many lives.

About The Doctor:

Dr Naveen is an expert in treating patients with a brain tumour. He is one of the best neurosurgeons in Hyderabad and is sought after for some of the most delicate and complicated brain surgeries.

About Sunshine Hospitals:

A Multi Super Speciality Institution, 500 bedded Sunshine Hospitals (Paradise Circle, Secunderabad) is promoted by globally reputed Joint Replacement Surgeon Dr AV Gurava Reddy (Orthopedic Doctor) and like-minded associates who share the objective of making world-standard healthcare available, affordable and accessible to the common man. Sunshine has now become one of the best hospitals for many treatments including Orthopedic, Gastroenterology, Cardiology, Trauma and Neurology.

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