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What Are The Signs Of Heart Diseases?

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What Are The Signs Of Heart Diseases?

What Is A Heart Disease?

The heart is an important organ which pumps blood to different parts throughout the body. A heart disease means any condition that affects the heart or its function will result in heart disease. Medically heart disease is termed as a cardiovascular disease.

A cardiovascular disease usually refers to various conditions like narrowed or blocked blood vessels which can lead to heart attack, chest pain or stroke. Some other heart conditions, which can affect your heart’s muscle, valves are also considered different forms of heart disease.

Different Types Of Heart Diseases And Their Symptoms

Cardiovascular disease symptoms might be different for both men and women. Most of the men are likely to have chest pain wherein most women having other symptoms along with chest pain, like nausea, shortness of breath, and extreme fatigue.

Atherosclerosis Heart Disease

It is also known as atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Atherosclerosis referred to the building of fats, cholesterol and other substances in and on the artery walls which restricts the flow of blood to different organs and tissues.

The accumulated plaque on the walls of the blood vessels (arteries) that carry oxygen and nutrients from the heart to different body parts makes thick and stiff. Atherosclerosis can be preventable and also treatable
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Symptoms of Atherosclerosis

Atherosclerosis develops slowly, and it doesn’t have any symptoms in the initial stages. You can notice signs when an artery is narrowed or clogged and can’t supply adequate blood to your organs and tissues.

  • chest pain or pressure (angina), chest tightness etc.,
  • Sudden numbness, weakness in the arms or legs
  • Difficulty in speaking or slurred speech
  • Temporary loss of vision in one eye, or drooping muscles in your face.
  • Shortness of breath
  • Pain in the neck, jaw, upper abdomen or back
  • In some cases develops high blood pressure or kidney failure also.

Arrhythmia Heart Disease

Heart arrhythmias refer to abnormal heartbeat problems. It occurs when the electrical impulses that coordinate with the heartbeats don’t work correctly and lead to beat the heart too fast, too slow or irregularly.

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Symptoms of Arrhythmia

Treatment for heart arrhythmia can often control or prevent from fast, slow or irregular heartbeats. Symptoms to recognise heart arrhythmia include

  • Fluttering in your chest
  • Tachycardia (racing heartbeat)
  • Bradycardia (slow heartbeat)
  • Chest pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Lightheadedness or dizziness
  • Sweating
  • Fainting (syncope)

Valvular Heart Disease

A heart has four valves (aortic, mitral, pulmonary and tricuspid valves) that open and close to guide the flow of blood through the heart. These valves might get damaged by various factors that cause problems like narrowing (stenosis), leaking (regurgitation or insufficiency) or improper closing (prolapse) of valves leads to valvular heart disease.

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Symptoms Of Valvular Heart Disease

Signs of this disease are very sudden and advances slowly. These symptoms are difficult to notice. However, some of the symptoms include

  • Excess Fatigue
  • Shortness of breath
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Chest pain
  • Swollen feet or ankles
  • Fainting (syncope)

Congenital Heart Diseases

Congenital heart diseases are referred to people born with defected heart. Heart defects at the time of birth include Septal defects (holes in the wall which divides of your heart), pulmonary stenosis (narrow valve that causes a decrease in the flow of blood to your lungs), Cyanotic heart disease(defect in the heart that causes a shortage of oxygen) and In some babies, the ductus arteriosus(a small blood vessel) doesn’t close up at the time of birth as it should.

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Symptoms Of Congenital Heart Diseases

Often, they become evident and leads to problems right after birth.
They are said to be serious congenital heart defects. But, in some cases, they don’t show any symptoms until a person becomes younger. The symptoms of the disease include

  • Pale grey or blue skin colour (cyanosis)
  • Swelling in the legs, abdomen or areas around the eyes
  • In an infant, shortness of breath during feedings
  • Sweating
  • High levels of fatigue
  • Fast heartbeat
  • Breathlessness or heavy breathing
  • Chest pain
  • Clubbed fingernails

Cardiomyopathy

Cardiomyopathy is a group of diseases related to heart muscle like dilated cardiomyopathy, in this condition the heart muscle is weakened and can’t supply blood properly and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy which is inherited and restrictive cardiomyopathy.

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Symptoms Of Cardiomyopathy

In the early stages of cardiomyopathy, you may not see any signs or symptoms. But as the condition progresses, the signs and symptoms will appear that include:

  • Breathlessness even at rest
  • Cough while lying down
  • Fatigue
  • pounding or fluttering, rapid heartbeats
  • Chest discomfort or pressure
  • Swelling in the legs, ankles and feet
  • Dizziness, lightheadedness and fainting
  • Bloating of the abdomen because of fluid that buildup

Inflammatory Heart Disease

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Inflammatory heart diseases are caused by known infectious agents like viruses, bacteria, fungi or parasites, or due to toxic materials present in the environment, water, food, air, poisonous gases, smoke, and pollution, or due to any other unknown origin. For instance, Myocarditis and Endocarditis are viral infections or inflammation of the heart muscle (myocardium).

Symptoms Of Inflammatory Heart Diseases

The symptoms of inflammatory heart disease include

  • Fever
  • Shortness of breath
  • Weakness or excess fatigue
  • Swelling in the legs or abdomen
  • Changes in your heart rhythm
  • Dry cough
  • Skin rashes or unusual spots
  • Severe chest pain
  • Anxiety
  • Difficulty in breathing when sleeping

Heart disease can be treated when detected early. If you have any concerns over developing heart diseases, talk to your doctor about the preventable measures to reduce the risk of your heart disease. It is important to be more cautious if you have any family history of heart diseases. We, at Sunshine Heart Institute, believe in taking a comprehensive, personalised approach towards patient care.

About Sunshine Hospitals:

Sunshine Hospitals, Bhubaneswar is an ultramodern 125-bed, tertiary care hospital located in the heart of Bhubaneswar. Established in the year 2015 with a mission to provide quality healthcare services to the people of Odisha. Sunshine’s patient-first approach steers it steadily in the direction of ensuring that state-of-the-art technology meets state-of-the –heart services to produce positive patient outcomes.

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