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World Hypertension Day, 17 May 2019

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World Hypertension Day, 17 May 2019

Hypertension is a condition known as high blood pressure, where the arterial blood pressure raises from the normal level (120/80 mmHg) to a high level. It is a medical condition known as the silent killer because it does not show any visible symptoms in most of the cases. However, severe hypertension shows some symptoms like

  • Headaches
  • Sleepiness
  • Palpitation
  • Blurred vision
  • Chest pain
  • Fatigue & dizziness
  • Confusion
  • Ringing sensation in the ears
  • Breathing difficulty
  • Irregular heartbeat sometimes may even lead to coma.

Hypertension is of two types based on its causes

  1. Primary or essential hypertension
  2. Secondary hypertension

Primary hypertension is the most common type, but the causes are unknown. The secondary hypertension is caused due to kidney damage, tumors, recreational drugs, sleep apnea syndrome, thyroid gland damage, pregnancy-related conditions, aortic coarctation, over or wrong medications, drinking alcohol, unusual food diet and etc.

It is also inherited to children from parents who had hypertension or family history of diabetes, obesity, smoking, excess alcohol drink, usage of oral contraceptive pills etc.

World Hypertension Day is observed every year on May 17 to raise public awareness about the complications of hypertension and necessary preventive measures to be taken to avoid Hypertension. It is organized by the World Hypertension League (WHL) every year since 2005. This year they came up with the theme “Know Your Numbers” aimed to raise awareness regarding high BP.

According to recent surveys, it is found that around 3 out of 10 people are suffering from hypertension worldwide. Nearly 1.8 billion people globally suffering from hypertension and 50% of the people are totally unaware of this condition. We, Sunshine Hospitals as a part of social accountability, educating people about the serious complications of hypertension.

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